Growth/differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15)
GDF-15 belongs to the TGF beta superfamily and has a role in inflammatory and apoptotic pathways. Serum GDF-15 has been positively correlated with progression of several tumor types, including certain colorectal, pancreatic, and prostate cancers. GDF-15 is also upregulated by cardiovascular events triggering oxidative stress, including atherosclerosis. Increased circulating GDF-15 concentrations have been linked to an enhanced risk of future adverse cardiovascular events.
Swiss-Prot Accession Number: Q99988
Publications Exploring hepsin functional genetic variation association with disease specific protein expression in bipolar disorder: Applications of a proteomic informed genomic approach
(2017) Nassan M, Jia Y, Jenkins G, Colby C, Feeder S, Choi D, Veldic M, McElroy SL, Bond DJ, Weinshilboum R, Biernacka JM, Frye MA J Psychiatr Res
Complexity of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) and Other Angiogenic Biomarkers Profiling in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.
(2017) Marshall JD, Sauler M, Tonelli A, Rao Y, Bucala R, Lee P, Fares W Pulm Circ.
Growth Differentiation Factor 15 as a Novel Biomarker for Metformin
(2016) Gerstein HC, Pare G, Hess S, Ford RJ, Sjaarda J, Raman K, McQueen M, Lee S, Haenel H, Steinberg GR; ORIGIN Investigators. Diabetes Care
Feasibility of investigating differential proteomic expression in depression: implications for biomarker development in mood disorders
(2015) Frye MA, Nassan M, Jenkins GD, Kung S, Veldic M, Palmer BA, Feeder SE, Tye SJ, Choi DS and Biernacka HM Translational Psychiatry
Identifying Novel Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Events or Death in People with Dysglycemia
(2015) Gerstein HC, ParÃ© G, Mcqueen MJ, Haenel H, Lee SF, Pogue J, Maggioni AP, Yusuf S, Hess S Circulation