Vitronectin

Vitronectin is a cell adhesion and spreading factor found in serum and tissues that interacts with glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans. It is recognized by certain members of the integrin family and serves as a cell-to-substrate adhesion molecule. It inhibits the membrane-damaging effect of the terminal cytolytic complement pathway. Vitronectin exists in two forms: a single chain 75 kDa form (V75) and a clipped form composed of two chains (65 kDa and 10 kDa) which are held together by a disulfide bond. The SMB domain mediates interaction with SERPINE1/PAI1 and the heparin-binding domain mediates interaction with insulin. Phosphorylation on Thr-69 and Thr-76 favors cell adhesion and spreading.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P04004


 
Therapy Indications
 
Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
High false-positive rate of a putative biomarker test to aid in the diagnosis of schizophrenia (2016) Wehler CA, Preskorn, SH Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
Multiplexed protein profiling after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: Characterization of differential expression patterns in cerebral vasospasm. (2014) Walcott BP, Patel AP, Stapleton CJ, Trivedi RA, Young AM, Ogilvy CS. J Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jul 28. pii: S0967-5868(14)00318-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2014.06.004. [Epub ahead of print]
Plasma Based Markers of [(11)C] PiB-PET Brain Amyloid Burden (2012) Kiddle SJ, Thambisetty M, Simmons A, Riddoch-Contreras J, Hye A, Westman E, Pike I, Ward M, Johnston C, Lupton MK, Lunnon K, Soininen H, Kloszewska I, Tsolaki M, Vellas B, Mecocci P, Lovestone S, Newhouse S, Dobson R; for the Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e44260.
Validation of a Blood-Based Laboratory Test to Aid in the Confirmation of a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia (2010) Schwarz E, Izmailov R, Spain M, Barnes A, Mapes JP, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Pietsch S, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Koethe D, Kranaster L, Ohrmann P, Suslow T, Levin Y, Bogerts B, (JM) van Beveren N, McAllister G, Weber N, Niebuhr D, Cowan D, Yolken RH, Bahn S Biomark Insights5: 39–47.
The multiplex bead array approach to identifying serum biomarkers associated with breast cancer (2009) Kim BK, Lee JW, Park PJ, Shin YS, Lee WY, Lee KA, Ye S, Hyun H, Kang KN, Yeo D, Kim Y, Ohn SY, Noh DY, Kim CW Breast Cancer Res. 11: R22.