Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is an integral growth factor that is active in angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, and endothelial cell growth. It induces endothelial cell proliferation, promotes cell migration, inhibits apoptosis, and induces permeabilization of blood vessels. It binds primarily to the FLT1/VEGFR1 and KDR/VEGFR2 receptors, heparan sulfate, and heparin. NRP1/Neuropilin-1 binds isoforms VEGF-165 and VEGF-145. The isoform VEGF165B binds to KDR but does not activate downstream signaling pathways, nor does it activate angiogenesis or inhibit tumor growth. VEGF is important in the pathophysiology of neuronal and other tumors, probably functioning as a potent promoter of angiogenesis. It is also involved with altering blood-brain-barrier functions under normal and pathological conditions. VEGF secreted from the stromal cells may be responsible for the endothelial cell proliferation in capillary hemangioblastomas which are composed of abundant microvasculature and primitive angiogenic elements represented by stromal cells. VEGF expression is regulated by growth factors, cytokines, gonadotropins, nitric oxide, hypoxia, hypoglycemia, and oncogenic mutations.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P15692


Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Metabolomic analyses reveal lipid abnormalities and hepatic dysfunction in non-human primate model for Yersinia pestis (2019) Gautam A, Muhie S, Cakraborty N, Hoke A, Donohue D, Miller SA, Hammamieh R, Jett M Metabolomics
Early changes in immune, coagulation, and organ function after clinical and experimental polytrauma (2019) Halbgbauer Repositorium der Universität Ulm
Exploring and redefining Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (2019) Bruserud Skipnes Kommunikasjon, University of Bergen
External Validation of a Pre-Transplant Biomarker Model (REVERSE) Predictive of Renal Recovery after Liver Transplantation (2019) Levitsky J, Asrani SK, Abecassis M, Ruiz R, Jennings LW, Klintmalm G Hepatology
Synovial fluid biomarkers associated with osteoarthritis severity reflect macrophage and neutrophil related inflammation. (2019) Haraden CA, Huebner JL, Hsueh MF, Li YJ, Kraus VB Arthritis Research & Therapy
Von Willebrand factor and ADAMTS13 activity in relation to risk of dementia: a population-based study (2018) Wolters F, Boender J, de Vries P, Sonneveld M, Koudstaal P, de Maat M, Franco O, Ikram M, Leebeek F, Ikram MA Scientific Reports 2018 Apr
Embelin and its derivatives unravel the signaling, proin?ammatoryand antiatherogenic properties of GPR84 receptor (2018) Gaidarov I, Anthony T, Gatlin J, Chen X, Mills D, Solomon M, Han S, Semple G, Unett DJ Pharmacological Research
Phase Ib Study of Glasdegib, A Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor, in (2018) Savona M, Pollyea D, Stock W, Oehler V, Schroeder MA, Lancet J, McCloskey J, Kantarigian H, Ma WW, Shaik MN, Laird AD, Zeremski M, O'Connell A, Chan G, Cortes JE Clinical Cancer Research
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Key Proteins Involed in Spheroid Formation and Angiogenesis in Endothelial Cells After Long-Term Exposure to Simulated Microgravity (2018) Dittrich A, Grimm D, Sahana J, Bauer J, Kruger M, Infanger M, Magnusson N Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 2018
Pharmacokinetics of Telavancin at Fixed Doses in Normal-Body-Weight and Obese (Classes I, II and III) Adult Subjexts (2018) Bunnell KL, Pai MP, Sikka M, Bleasdale S, Wenzler E, Danziger LH, Rodvold KA Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
IL-17 blockade with secukinumab in peripheral spondyloarthritis impacts synovial immunopathology without compromising systemic immune responses (2018) van Mens LJJ, van de Sande MGH, Menegatti S, Chen S, Blijdorp ICP, de Jong HM, Fluri IA, Latuhihin TE, van Kuijk AWR, Rogge L, Yeremenko NG, Baeten DLP Arthritis Rheumatol
Synergistic Cytokine Effects as Apremilast Response Predictors in Patients With Psoriasis (2018) Garcet S, Nograles K, Correa da Rosa J, Schafer PH, Krueger JG Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Association between Cytokines and Functional, Hemodynamic Parameters, and Clinical Outcomes in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (2018) Joshi AA, Davey RA, Rao Y, Shen K, Benza R, Raina A Pulmonary Circulation
Serum Apolipoprotein E and Other Inflammatory Markers Can Identify Non-Responding Patients to a Dendritic Cell Vaccine (2018) Leeman H, Kaminska E, Green D, Bodman-Smith M, Gravett A, Bodman-Smith K, Copier J, Coulton G, Fusi A, Dalgleish AG Translational Oncology
Three-dimensional growth of human endothelial cells in an automated cell culture experiment container during the SpaceX CR-8 ISS space mission - The SPHEROIDS project. (2017) Pietsch J, Gass S2, Nebuloni S, Echegoyen D, Riwaldt S, Baake C, Bauer J, Corydon TJ, Egli M, Infanger M, Grimm D Biomaterials
A Multi-Biomarker Disease Activity Score and the Choice of Second-Line Therapy in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis after Methotrexate Failure (2017) Hambardzumyan K, Saevarsdottir S, Forslind K, Petersson IF, Wallman JK, Ernestam S, Bolce RJ, van Vollenhoven RF Arthritis Rheumatol
Complexity of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) and Other Angiogenic Biomarkers Profiling in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. (2017) Marshall JD, Sauler M, Tonelli A, Rao Y, Bucala R, Lee P, Fares W Pulm Circ.
Cytokine Release and Focal Adhesion Proteins in Normal Thyroid Cells Cultured on the Random Positioning Machine. (2017) Warnke E, Pietsch J, Kopp S, Bauer J, Sahana J, Wehland M, Krüger M, Hemmersbach R, Infanger M, Lützenberg R, Grimm D Cell Physiol Biochem.
Inflammatory proteins in nasal lavage of workers exposed to occupational agents. (2017) Castano R, Yucesoy B, Johnson VJ, Castellanos L, Cartier A Clin Exp Allergy
Perspectives on using a multiplex human kidney safety biomarker panel to detect cisplatin-induced tubular toxicity in male and female Cynomolgus monkeys. (2017) Chen Y, Dale Thurman J, Kinter LB, Bialecki R, Eric McDuffie J Toxicol Appl Pharmacol.
Inflammatory profile analysis reveals differences in cytokine expression between smokers, moist snuff users, and dual users compared to non-tobacco consumers. (2017) Sgambato JA, Jones BA, Caraway JW, Prasad GL Cytokine
Pre-vaccination inflammation and B-cell signalling predict age-related hyporesponse to hepatitis B vaccination (2016) Fourati S, Cristescu R, Loboda A, Talla A, Filali A, Railkar R, Schaeffer AK, Favre D, Gagnon D, Peretz Y, Wang IM, Beals CR, Casimiro DR, Carayannopoulos LN, Sékaly RP Nat Commun. 2016 Jan 8;7:10369
High false-positive rate of a putative biomarker test to aid in the diagnosis of schizophrenia (2016) Wehler CA, Preskorn, SH Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Effects of Acute Endurance Exercise on Plasma Protein Profiles of Endurance-Trained and Untrained Individuals over Time (2016) Schild M, Eichner G, Beiter T, Zuegel M, Niess AM, Steinacker JM, Mooren FC Mediators of Inflammation
Assessment of Urine Proteomics in Type 1 Primary Hyperoxaluria*American Journal of Nephrology (2016) Brooks ER, Hoppe B, Milliner DS, Salido E, Rim J, Krevitt LM, Olson JB, Price HE, Vural G, Langman CB American Journal of Nephrology
Circulating Biomarkers and Outcome from a Randomised Phase Ii Trial of Sunitinib Vs Everolimus for Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (2016) Voss MH, Chen D, Marker M, Hakimi AA, Lee C-H, Hsieh JJ, Knox JJ, Voi M, Motzer RJ British Journal of Cancer
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
A phase 2 study of dalantercept, an activin receptor-like kinase-1 ligand trap, in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. (2016) Jimeno A, Posner MR, Wirth LJ, Saba NF, Cohen RB, Popa EC, Argiris A, Grossmann KF, Sukari A, Wilson D, Zhang X, Sun J, Glasser C, Attie KM, Sherman ML, Pandya SS, Weiss J. Cancer
Endothelial adhesion molecules and multiple organ failure in patients with severe sepsis. (2016) Amalakuhan B, Habib SA, Mangat M, Reyes LF, Rodriguez AH, Hinojosa CA, Soni NJ, Gilley RP, Bustamante CA, Anzueto A, Levine SM, Peters JI, Aliberti S, Sibila O, Chalmers JD, Torres A, Waterer GW, Martin-Loeches I, Bordon J, Blanquer J, Sanz F, Marcos PJ, Rello J, Ramirez J, Solé-Violán J, Luna CM, Feldman C, Witzenrath M, Wunderink RG, Stolz D, Wiemken TL, Shindo Y, Dela Cruz CS, Orihuela CJ, Restrepo MI. Cytokine
Primary Analysis Of A Phase II Open-Label Trial Of INCB039110, A Selective JAK1 Inhibitor, In Patients With Myelofibrosis (2016) Mascarenhas JO, Talpaz M, Gupta V, Foltz LM, Savona MR, Paquette R, Turner AR, Coughlin P, Winton E, Burn TC, O'Neill P, Clark J, Hunter D10, Assad A, Hoffman R, Verstovsek S Haematologica
Identifying amyloid pathology–related cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease in a multicohort study (2015) Leung YY, Toledo JB, Nefedov A, Polikar R, Raghavan N, Xie SX, Farnum M, Schultz T, Baek Y, Deerlin VV, Hu WT, Holtzman DM, Fagan AM, Perrin RJ, Grossman M, Soares HD, Kling MA, Mailman M, Arnold SE, Narayan VA, Lee VMY, Shaw LM, Baker D, Wittenberg GM, Trojanowski JQ, Wang LS Alzheimer's & Dementia
Markers of atherosclerosis in relation to presence and progression of knee osteoarthritis: a population-based cohort study. (2015) Hoeven TA, Kavousi M, Ikram AM, van Meurs JB, Bindels PJ, Hofman A, Franco OH, Bierma-Zeinstra SM. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2015 May 6. pii: kev106. [Epub ahead of print]
Common Effects on Cancer Cells Exerted by a Random Positioning Machine and a 2D Clinostat (2015) Svejgaard B, Wehland M, Ma X, Kopp S, Sahana J, Warnke E, Aleshcheva G, Hemmersbach R, Hauslage J, Grosse J, Bauer J, Corydon TJ, Islam T, Infanger M, Grimm D PLoS One
Neuropilin 1 (NRP1) may be prognostic and identify a subgroup of Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) who Benefit from Tivozanib + mFOLFOX6 compared to Bevacizumab + mFOLFOX6 (2015) Benson A, Krivoshik A, Van Sant C, Needle M Annals of Oncology
Markers of inflammation are associated with clinical outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with nivolumab (2015) Sznol M, Fishman M, Escudier B, McDermott DF, Kluger H, Stadler WM, Perez-Gracia J, McNeel DG, Curti BD, Harrison MR, Plimack ER, Appleman L, Fong L, Drake CG, Young TC, Chasalow SD, Ross-MacDonald P, Simon JS, Walker D, Choueiri TK J Immunother Cancer
Characterization of Renal Biomarkers for Use in Clinical Trials: Effect of Preanalytical Processing and Qualification Using Samples from Subjects with Diabetes (2015) Brott DA, Furlong ST, Adler SH, Hainer JW, Arani RB, Pinches M, Rossing P, Chaturvedi N Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Plasma Inflammatory Factors Are Associated with Anxiety, Depression, and Cognitive Problems in Adults with and without Methamphetamine Dependence: An Exploratory Protein Array Study (2015) Huckans M, Fuller BE, Chalker ALN, Adams M, Loftis JM Frontiers in Psychiatry
Implementing lessons learned from previous bronchial biopsy trials in a new randomized controlled COPD biopsy trial with roflumilast (2014) Barnes NC, Saetta M, Rabe KF BMC Pulm Med. 2014 Jan 31;14(1):9
Significance of plasma adiponectin for diagnosis, neurological severity and functional outcome in ischemic stroke - Research for Biomarkers in Ischemic Stroke (REBIOS) (2014) Matsuo R, Ago T, Kamouchi M, Kuroda J, Kuwashiro T, Hata J, Sugimori H, Fukuda K, Gotoh S, Makihara N, Fukuhara M, Awano H, Isomura T, Suzuki K, Yasaka M, Okada Y, Kiyohara Y, Kitazono T BMC Neurol. 2013 Apr 8;13:32
Spheroid formation of human thyroid cancer cells (2014) Warnke E, Pietsch J, Wehland M, Bauer J, Infanger M, Görög M, Hemmersbach R, Braun M, Ma X, Sahana J, Grimm D Cell Communication and Signaling 2014, 12:32
Serum protein profiling reveals baseline and pharmacodynamic biomarker signatures associated with clinical outcome in mCRC patients treated with chemotherapy ± cediranib. (2014) Pommier AJ, Shaw R, Spencer SK, Morgan SR, Hoff PM, Robertson JD, Barry ST, Jürgensmeier JM. British Journal of Cancer 2014 Aug 14. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2014.436. [Epub ahead of print]
The effects of vitamin A on cells of innate immunity in vitro (2013) Wojtal K, Wolfram L, Frey-Wagner I, Lang S, Scharl M, Vavricka SR, Rogler G Toxicology in Vitro,
Clinical significance of plasma VEGF value in ischemic stroke - research for biomarkers in ischemic stroke (REBIOS) study (2013) Matsuo R, Ago T, Kamouchi M, Kuroda J, Kuwashiro T, Hata J, Sugimori H, Fukuda K, Gotoh S, Makihara N, Fukuhara M, Awano H, Isomura T, Suzuki K, Yasaka M, Okada Y, Kiyohara Y, Kitazono T BMC Neurol. 2013 Apr 8;13(1):32
Heart-type fatty acid binding protein and vascular endothelial growth factor: cerebrospinal fluid biomarker candidates for Alzheimer’s disease (2013) Guo L, Alexopoulos P, Perneczky R European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Prognostic/predictive value of 207 serum factors in colorectal cancer treated with cediranib and/or chemotherapy (2013) Spencer SK, Pommier AJ, Morgan SR, Barry ST, Robertson JD, Hoff PM, Jürgensmeier JM Br J Cancer. 2013 Oct 22
Differential gene expression profile and altered cytokine secretion of thyroid cancer cells in space (2013) Ma X, Pietsch J, Wehland M, Schulz H, Saar K, Hübner N, Bauer J, Braun M, Schwarzwälder A, Segerer J, Birlem M, Horn A, Hemmersbach R, Waßer K, Grosse J, Infanger M, Grimm D FASEB J. 2013 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print]
First-in-Human Phase I Study of PRS-050 (Angiocal), an Anticalin Targeting and Antagonizing VEGF-A, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors (2013) Mross K, Richly H, Fischer R, Scharr D, Büchert M, Stern A, Gille H, Audoly LP, Scheulen ME PLoS One. 2013 Dec 13;8(12):e83232
Multiplex immunoassay analysis of plasma shows prominent upregulation of growth factor activity pathways linked to GSK3ß signaling in bipolar patients (2013) Haenisch F, Alsaif M, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Dickerson F, Yolken R, Bahn S Journal of Affective Disorders
A Canonical Transforming Growth Factor Beta-Dependent Signaling Pathway is Present in Peripheral Blood Cells of Cancer Patients with Skeletal Metastasis (2013) Kadam S, Cleverly AL, Farmen M, Grondin J, Cox YI, Lahn M J Mol Biomark Diagn 2013, 4:3
Identification of Subgroups of Schizophrenia Patients with Changes in Either Immune or Growth Factor and Hormonal Pathways (2013) Schwarz E, Van Beveren NJM, Ramsey J, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Guest PC, Bahn S Schizophrenia Bulletin
Plasma biomarkers of depressive symptoms in older adults (2012) Arnold SE, Xie SX, Leung YY, Wang LS, Kling MA, Han X, Kim EJ, Wolk DA, Bennett DA, Chen-Plotkin A, Grossman M, Hu W, Lee VMY, Mackin RS, Trojanowski JQ, Wilson RS, Shaw LM Translational Psychiatry (2012) 2, e65;
Expanding the Psoriasis Disease Profile: Interrogation of the Skin and Serum of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis (2012) Suárez-Fariñas M, Li K, Fuentes-Duculan J, Hayden K, Brodmerkel C, Krueger JG J Invest Dermatol. 2012 Jul 5
Markers of inflammation and bone remodelling associated with improvement in clinical response measures in psoriatic arthritis patients treated with golimumab (2012) Wagner CL, Visvanathan S, Elashoff M, McInnes IB, Mease PJ, Krueger GG, Murphy FT, Papp K, Gomez-Reino JJ, Mack M, Beutler A, Gladman D, Kavanaugh A Ann Rheum Dis. 2012 Sep 12. [Epub ahead of print]
Sublytic Concentrations of Staphylococcus Aureus Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Alter Human Pmn Gene Expression and Enhance Bactericidal Capacity (2012) Graves SF, Kobayashi SD, Braughton KR, Whitney AR, Sturdevant DE, Rasmussen DL, Kirpotina LN, Quinn MT, Deleo FR Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Screening for New Biomarkers for Subcortical Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease (2011) Öhrfelt A, Andreasson U, Simon A, Zetterberg H, Edman A, Potter W, Holder D, Devanarayan V, Seeburger J, Smith AD, Blennow K, Wallin A Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 1: 31—42.
Multiplexed Immunoassay Panel Identifies Novel CSF Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosis and Prognosis (2011) Craig-Schapiro R, Kuhn M, Xiong C, Pickering EH, Liu J, Misko TP, Perrin RJ, Bales KR, Soares H, Fagan AM, Holtzman DM PLoS One. 2011 Apr 19;6(4):e18850
Molecular Markers for Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (2011) Jacovides CL, Parvizi J, Adeli B, Jung KA J Arthroplasty. 2011 May 12. [Epub ahead of print]
Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells are Attracted by Multiple Myeloma Cell-Produced Chemokine CCL25 and Favor Myeloma Cell Growth In Vitro and In Vivo (2011) Xu S, Menu E, De Becker A, Van Camp B, Vanderkerken K, Van Riet I Stem Cells. 2011 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]
Treatment of experimental anterior and intermediate uveitis by a dexamethasone intravitreal implant (2011) Ghosn CR, Li Y, Orilla WC, Lin T, Wheeler L, Burke JA, Robinson MR, Whitcup SM Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 May 2;52(6):2917-23
Safety and efficacy of everolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, as single agent in a phase 1/2 study in patients with myelofibrosis (2011) Guglielmelli P, Barosi G, Rambaldi A, Marchioli R, Masciulli A, Tozzi L, Biamonte F, Bartalucci N, Gattoni E, Lupo ML, Finazzi G, Pancrazzi A, Antonioli E, Susini MC, Pieri L, Malevolti E, Usala E, Occhini U, Grossi A, Caglio S, Paratore S, Bosi A, Barbui T, Vannucchi AM Blood. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Classification of Alcohol Abuse by Plasma Protein Biomarkers. (2010) Freeman WM, Salzberg AC, Gonzales SW, Grant KA, Vrana KE Biol Psychiatry 68: 219-22.
Association of serum markers with improvement in clinical response measures after treatment with golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite receiving methotrexate: results from the GO-FORWARD study (2010) Visvanathan S, Rahman MU, Keystone E, Genovese M, Klareskog L, Hsia E, Mack M, Buchanan J, Elashoff M, Wagner C Arthritis Res Ther. 12:R211
Bevacizumab therapy normalizes the pathological intraocular environment beyond neutralizing VEGF (2010) Sharma RK, Rogojina AT, Chalam KV Mol Vi. 16: 2175-2184.
Safety and efficacy of INCB018424, a JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor, in myelofibrosis (2010) Verstovsek S, Kantarjian H, Mesa RA, Pardanani AD, Cortes-Franco J, Thomas DA, Estrov Z, Fridman JS, Bradley EC, Erickson-Viitanen S, Vaddi K, Levy R, Tefferi A N Engl J Med. 363: 1117-27.
Limited Systemic Sclerosis Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Show Biomarkers of Inflammation and Vascular Injury (2010) Pendergrass SA, Hayes E, Farina G, Lemaire R, Farber HW, Whitfield ML, Lafyatis R. PLoS ONE 5: e12106.
Identification of distinct plasma biomarker signatures in patients with rapid and slow declining forms of COPD (2010) Devanarayan V, Scholand MB, Hoidal J, Leppert MF, Crackower MA, O'Neill GP, Gervais FG COPD 7: 51-58.
Validation of a Blood-Based Laboratory Test to Aid in the Confirmation of a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia (2010) Schwarz E, Izmailov R, Spain M, Barnes A, Mapes JP, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Pietsch S, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Koethe D, Kranaster L, Ohrmann P, Suslow T, Levin Y, Bogerts B, (JM) van Beveren N, McAllister G, Weber N, Niebuhr D, Cowan D, Yolken RH, Bahn S Biomark Insights5: 39—47.
Novel CSF biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (2010) Hu WT, Chen-Plotkin A, Arnold SE, Grossman M, Clark CM, Shaw LM, Pickering E, Kuhn M, Chen Y, McCluskey L, Elman L, Karlawish J, Hurtig HI, Siderowf A, Lee VM, Soares H, Trojanowski JQ Acta Neuropathol 119: 669-678.
Plasma Protein Profiling Reveals Protein Clusters Related to BMI and Insulin Levels in Middle-Aged Overweight Subjects (2010) van Dijk SJ, Feskens EJM, Heidema AG, Bos MB, van de Rest O, Geleijnse JM, de Groot LCPGM, Muller M, Afman LA PLoS ONE 12: e14422.
Multi analyte profiling and variability of inflammatory markers in blood and induced sputum in patients with stable COPD (2010) Aaron SD, Vandemheen KL, Ramsay T, Zhang C, Avnur Z, Nikolcheva T, Quinn A Respir Res. 2010 Apr 22;11:41
Heart Failure Therapy Mediated by the Trophic Activities of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells: A Non-invasive Therapeutic Regimen. (2009) Shabbir A, Zisa D, Suzuki G, Lee T Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 296: H1888-H1897.
Multiplex Immunoassay Analysis of Biomarkers in Clinically Accessible Quantities of Human Aqueous Humor. (2009) Sharma RK, Rogojina AT, Chalam KV Mol Vis 15: 60-69.
The Link Between Heightened Thrombogenicity and Inflammation: Pre-Procedure Characterization of the Patient at High Risk for Recurrent Events After Stenting. (2009) Gurbel PA, Bliden KP, Kreutz RP, Dichiara J, Antonino MJ, Tantry US Platelets 20: 97-104.
Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase signaling promotes growth and vascularization of fibrosarcoma. (2008) Ding Y, Boguslawski EA, Berghuis BD, Young JJ, Zhang Z, Hardy K, Furge K, Kort E, Frankel AE, Hay RV, Resau JH, Duesbery NS Mol Cancer Ther 7: 648-658.
Enzastaurin, an oral serine/threonine kinase inhibitor, as second- or third-line therapy of non-small-cell lung cancer. (2008) Oh Y, Herbst RS, Burris H, Cleverly A, Musib L, Lahn M, Bepler G J Clin Oncol 26: 1135-1141.
Modeled gravitational unloading induced downregulation of endothelin-1 in human endothelial cells. (2007) Infanger M, Ulbrich C, Baatout S, Wehland M, Kreutz R, Bauer J, Grosse J, Vadrucci S, Cogoli A, Derradji H, Neefs M, Küsters S, Spain M, Paul M, Grimm D J Cell Biochem 101: 1439-1455.
Neighboring adipocytes participate in the bone marrow microenvironment of multiple myeloma cells. (2007) Caers J, Deleu S, Belaid Z, De Raeve H, Van Valckenborgh E, De Bruyne E, Defresne MP, Van Riet I, Van Camp B, Vanderkerken K Leukemia 21: 1580-1584.