Tumor Necrosis Factor beta (TNF-beta)

Tumor Necrosis Factor beta (TNF-beta, TNFß), also know as lymphotoxin-alpha, is produced predominantly by mitogen-stimulated T-lymphocytes and leukocytes. It is also secreted by fibroblasts, astrocytes, myeloma cells, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, and a number of transformed cell lines. The synthesis of TNF-beta is stimulated by interferons and IL-2. It is cytotoxic for a wide range of tumor cells both in vitro and in vivo. TNF-beta levels in the sera of patients with meningococcal septicemia has been shown to correlate with morbidity and mortality.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P01374


Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Phase Ib Study of Glasdegib, A Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor, in (2018) Savona M, Pollyea D, Stock W, Oehler V, Schroeder MA, Lancet J, McCloskey J, Kantarigian H, Ma WW, Shaik MN, Laird AD, Zeremski M, O'Connell A, Chan G, Cortes JE Clinical Cancer Research
IL-17 blockade with secukinumab in peripheral spondyloarthritis impacts synovial immunopathology without compromising systemic immune responses (2018) van Mens LJJ, van de Sande MGH, Menegatti S, Chen S, Blijdorp ICP, de Jong HM, Fluri IA, Latuhihin TE, van Kuijk AWR, Rogge L, Yeremenko NG, Baeten DLP Arthritis Rheumatol
Synergistic Cytokine Effects as Apremilast Response Predictors in Patients With Psoriasis (2018) Garcet S, Nograles K, Correa da Rosa J, Schafer PH, Krueger JG Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Associations of 26 Circulating Inflammatory and Renal Biomarkers with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Long-term Cardiovascular Outcome in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography (ATHEROREMO-NIRS Substudy) (2018) Anroedh SS, Akkerhuis KM, Oemrawsingh RM, Garcia-Garcia HM, Brankovic M, Regar E, van Geuns RJ, Serruys PW, Daemen J, Van Mieghem NM, Boersma E, Kardys I Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Association of baseline inflammatory markers and the development of negative symptoms in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis (2018) Goldsmith DR, Haroon E, Miller AH, Addington J, Bearden C, Cadenhead K, Cannon T, Cornblatt B, Mathalon D, McGlashan T, Seidman L, Tsunag M, Woods SW, Walker EF, Perkins DO Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Serum Apolipoprotein E and Other Inflammatory Markers Can Identify Non-Responding Patients to a Dendritic Cell Vaccine (2018) Leeman H, Kaminska E, Green D, Bodman-Smith M, Gravett A, Bodman-Smith K, Copier J, Coulton G, Fusi A, Dalgleish AG Translational Oncology
Protein Biomarker Druggability Profiling (2017) Mani S, Cannon D, Ohls R, Oprea T, Mathias S, Ballard K, Ursu O, Bologa C J Biomed Inform
Standardized whole blood stimulation improves immunomonitoring of induced immune responses in multi-center study (2017) Duffy D, Rouilly V, Braudeau C, Corbière V, Djebali R, Ungeheuer MN, Josien R, LaBrie ST, Lantz O, Louis D, Martinez-Caceres E, Mascart F, Ruiz de Morales JG, Ottone C, Redjah L, Guen N, Savenay A, Schmolz M, Toubert A, Albert ML Clin Immunol
The role of anxious distress in immune dysregulation in patients with major depressive disorder. (2017) Gaspersz R, Lamers F, Wittenberg G, Beekman ATF, van Hemert AM, Schoevers RA, Penninx BWJH Transl Psychiatry
Noninvasive Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation Decreases Whole Blood Culture-Derived Cytokines and Chemokines: A Randomized, Blinded, Healthy Control Pilot Trial (2016) Lerman I, Hauger R, Sorkin L, Proudfoot J, Davis B, Huang A, Lam K, Simon B, Baker DG Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface
Cytokine Production Capacity in Depression and Anxiety (2016) Vogelzangs N, De Jonge P, Smit JH, Bahn S, Penninx BW Translational Psychiatry
Identification of an age-dependent biomarker signature in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (2015) Ramsey JM, Guest PC, Broek JA, Glennon JC, Rommelse N, Franke B, Rahmoune H, Buitelaar JK, Bahn S. Mol Autism
Immunomodulatory Activities of a Concentrated Fruit and Vegetable Juice Tested in a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Clinical Trial in Healthy Volunteers (2014) Schmolz M, März RW, Schaudt M, Schaudt C, Lauster C Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 4, 2014, pp. 341-350
Effects of alcohol and polyphenols from beer on atherosclerotic biomarkers in high cardiovascular risk men: a randomized feeding trial (2014) Chiva-Blancha G, Magraner E, Condines X, Valderas-Martínez P, Roth I, Arranz S, Casa R, Navarro M, Hervas A, Sisó A, Martínez-Huélamo M, Vallverdú-Queralt A, Quifer-Rada P, Lamuela-Raventos R-M, Estruch R Elsevier - Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 2014 Aug 2; doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2014.07.008
Circulating Cytokines in Relation to the Extent and Composition of Coronary Atherosclerosis: Results from the Atheroremo-Ivus Study (2014) Battes LC, Cheng JM, Oemrawsingh RM, Boersma E, Garcia-Garcia HM, De Boer SPM, Buljubasic N, Mieghem NaV, Regar E, Geuns R-JV, Serruys PW, Akkerhuis KM, Kardys I Atherosclerosis
Impact of Sunitinib on Human Thyroid Cancer Cells (2013) Grosse J, Warnke E, Pohl F, Magnusson NE, Wehland M, Infanger M, Eilles C, Grimm D Cell Physiol Biochem. 2013 Jul 12;32(1):154-170
A Canonical Transforming Growth Factor Beta-Dependent Signaling Pathway is Present in Peripheral Blood Cells of Cancer Patients with Skeletal Metastasis (2013) Kadam S, Cleverly AL, Farmen M, Grondin J, Cox YI, Lahn M J Mol Biomark Diagn 2013, 4:3
Identification of Subgroups of Schizophrenia Patients with Changes in Either Immune or Growth Factor and Hormonal Pathways (2013) Schwarz E, Van Beveren NJM, Ramsey J, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Guest PC, Bahn S Schizophrenia Bulletin
Highly aggregated antibody therapeutics can enhance the in vitro innate and late-stage T-cell immune responses (2012) Joubert MK, Hokom M, Eakin C, Zhou L, Deshpande M, Baker MP, Goletz TJ, Kerwin BA, Chirmule N, Narhi LO, Jawa V J Biol Chem. 2012 Jul 20;287(30):25266-79
Safety and efficacy of everolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, as single agent in a phase 1/2 study in patients with myelofibrosis (2011) Guglielmelli P, Barosi G, Rambaldi A, Marchioli R, Masciulli A, Tozzi L, Biamonte F, Bartalucci N, Gattoni E, Lupo ML, Finazzi G, Pancrazzi A, Antonioli E, Susini MC, Pieri L, Malevolti E, Usala E, Occhini U, Grossi A, Caglio S, Paratore S, Bosi A, Barbui T, Vannucchi AM Blood. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]
A Serum Protein-Based Algorithm for the Detection of Alzheimer Disease (2010) O'Bryant SE, Xiao G, Barber R, Reisch J, Doody R, Fairchild T, Adams P, Waring S, Diaz-Arrastia R; for the Texas Alzheimer's Research Consortium Arch Neurol 67: 1077-1081.
Regression of Human Pancreatic Tumor Xenografts in Mice After a Single Systemic Injection of Recombinant Vaccinia Virus GLV-1h68. (2009) Yu YA, Galanis C, Woo Y, Chen N, Zhang Q, Fong Y, Szalay AA Mol Cancer Ther 8: 141-151.