Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), or thyrotropin, is a glycoprotein synthesized and secreted by the pituitary gland. It stimulates synthesis and secretion of the thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Secretion of TSH is stimulated by thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a hypothalamic tripeptide. TSH synthesis and release are regulated via a negative feedback mechanism by the level of thyroid hormones. Increased serum levels of free T4 and T3 depress TSH secretion (hyperthyroidism), while decreased serum levels of free T4 and T3 result in excess TSH secretion (primary hypothyroidism). Serum TSH concentration is inversely proportional to the free T4 (FT4) concentration in a log/linear relationship, making TSH a sensitive marker for monitoring thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Swiss-Prot Accession Number: Alpha P01215; Beta P01222.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P01215, P01222


 
Product Associations Product Associations
 
 
Therapy Indications
 
Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Serum Apolipoprotein E and Other Inflammatory Markers Can Identify Non-Responding Patients to a Dendritic Cell Vaccine (2018) Leeman H, Kaminska E, Green D, Bodman-Smith M, Gravett A, Bodman-Smith K, Copier J, Coulton G, Fusi A, Dalgleish AG Translational Oncology
Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone and interleukin-8 levels in boys with autism spectrum disorder (2017) Singh S, Yazdani U, Gadad B, Zaman S, Hynan LS, Roatch N, Schutte C, Marti CN, Hewitson L and German DC J. Neuroinflammation
High false-positive rate of a putative biomarker test to aid in the diagnosis of schizophrenia (2016) Wehler CA, Preskorn, SH Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Effects of Acute Endurance Exercise on Plasma Protein Profiles of Endurance-Trained and Untrained Individuals over Time (2016) Schild M, Eichner G, Beiter T, Zuegel M, Niess AM, Steinacker JM, Mooren FC Mediators of Inflammation
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
Development of a Blood-Based Molecular Biomarker Test for Identification of Schizophrenia before Disease Onset (2015) Chan MK, Krebs MO, Cox D, Guest PC, Yolken RH, Rahmoune H, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Leweke FM, Van Beveren NJM, Niebuhr DW, Weber NS, Cowan DN, Suarez-Pinilla P, Crespo-Facorro B, Mam-Lam-Fook C, Bourgin J, Wenstrup RJ, Kaldate RR, Cooper JD, Bahn S Translational Psychiatry
Identification of Subgroups of Schizophrenia Patients with Changes in Either Immune or Growth Factor and Hormonal Pathways (2013) Schwarz E, Van Beveren NJM, Ramsey J, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Guest PC, Bahn S Schizophrenia Bulletin
Identification of a molecular profile associated with immune status in first onset schizophrenia patients (2013) Herberth M, Rahmoune H, Schwarz E, Koethe D, Harris LW, Kranaster L, Witt SH, Spain M, Barnes A, Schmolz M, Leweke MF, Guest PC, Bahn S Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses
Plasma metabolomics and proteomics profiling after a postprandial challenge reveal subtle diet effects on human metabolic status (2012) Pellis L, van Erk MJ, van Ommen B, Bakker GCM, Hendriks HFJ, Cnubben NHP, Kleemann R, van Someren EP, Bobeldijk I, Rubingh CM, Wopereis S Metabolomics
Screening for New Biomarkers for Subcortical Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease (2011) Öhrfelt A, Andreasson U, Simon A, Zetterberg H, Edman A, Potter W, Holder D, Devanarayan V, Seeburger J, Smith AD, Blennow K, Wallin A Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 1: 31—42.
Validation of a Blood-Based Laboratory Test to Aid in the Confirmation of a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia (2010) Schwarz E, Izmailov R, Spain M, Barnes A, Mapes JP, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Pietsch S, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Koethe D, Kranaster L, Ohrmann P, Suslow T, Levin Y, Bogerts B, (JM) van Beveren N, McAllister G, Weber N, Niebuhr D, Cowan D, Yolken RH, Bahn S Biomark Insights5: 39—47.
Dysregulated macrophage-inflammatory protein-2 expression drives illness in bacterial superinfection of influenza. (2010) Zavitz CC, Bauer CM, Gaschler GJ, Fraser KM, Strieter RM, Hogaboam CM, Stampfli MR J Immunol 184: 2001-2013.
Effects of the incubation in vitro with sorbents on serum proteomic pattern and cytokine concentration in cancer patients during chemotherapy--preliminary results. (2006) Piccolomini F, LouWratten M, Sereni L, Balestreri E, Donadio E, Felicioli A, Felicioli R, Donadio C Biomed Pharmacother 60: 463-467.