Stem Cell Factor (SCF)

Stem Cell Factor (SCF), also known as kit ligand, is a stromal cell-derived cytokine synthesized by fibroblasts and other cell types. It is of clinical significance because it induces differentiation in lymphoid and erythroid progenitor cells and mast cells. Improved in vitro erythropoiesis with SCF has been demonstrated to occur in several types of inherited marrow failure syndromes, including Diamond-Blackfan anemia, Fanconi's anemia, dyskeratosis congenita, amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, and transient erythroblastopenia of childhood. It is a glycoprotein that plays a key role in hematopoiesis acting both as a positive and negative regulator, often in synergy with other cytokines. SCF also plays a key role in mast cell development, gametogenesis, and melanogenesis.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P21583


Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Key inflammatory pathway activations in the MCI stage of Alzheimer's disease (2019) Pillai JA, Maxwell S, Bena J, Bekris LM, Rao SM, Chance M, Lamb BT, Leverenz JB Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Phase Ib Study of Glasdegib, A Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor, in (2018) Savona M, Pollyea D, Stock W, Oehler V, Schroeder MA, Lancet J, McCloskey J, Kantarigian H, Ma WW, Shaik MN, Laird AD, Zeremski M, O'Connell A, Chan G, Cortes JE Clinical Cancer Research
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
IL-17 blockade with secukinumab in peripheral spondyloarthritis impacts synovial immunopathology without compromising systemic immune responses (2018) van Mens LJJ, van de Sande MGH, Menegatti S, Chen S, Blijdorp ICP, de Jong HM, Fluri IA, Latuhihin TE, van Kuijk AWR, Rogge L, Yeremenko NG, Baeten DLP Arthritis Rheumatol
Synergistic Cytokine Effects as Apremilast Response Predictors in Patients With Psoriasis (2018) Garcet S, Nograles K, Correa da Rosa J, Schafer PH, Krueger JG Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Serum Apolipoprotein E and Other Inflammatory Markers Can Identify Non-Responding Patients to a Dendritic Cell Vaccine (2018) Leeman H, Kaminska E, Green D, Bodman-Smith M, Gravett A, Bodman-Smith K, Copier J, Coulton G, Fusi A, Dalgleish AG Translational Oncology
Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone and interleukin-8 levels in boys with autism spectrum disorder (2017) Singh S, Yazdani U, Gadad B, Zaman S, Hynan LS, Roatch N, Schutte C, Marti CN, Hewitson L and German DC J. Neuroinflammation
Pre-vaccination inflammation and B-cell signalling predict age-related hyporesponse to hepatitis B vaccination (2016) Fourati S, Cristescu R, Loboda A, Talla A, Filali A, Railkar R, Schaeffer AK, Favre D, Gagnon D, Peretz Y, Wang IM, Beals CR, Casimiro DR, Carayannopoulos LN, Sékaly RP Nat Commun. 2016 Jan 8;7:10369
Effects of Acute Endurance Exercise on Plasma Protein Profiles of Endurance-Trained and Untrained Individuals over Time (2016) Schild M, Eichner G, Beiter T, Zuegel M, Niess AM, Steinacker JM, Mooren FC Mediators of Inflammation
Inflammatory Profile in Lrrk2-Associated Prodromal and Clinical Pd (2016) Brockmann K, Apel A, Schulte C, Schneiderhan-Marra N, Pont-Sunyer C, Vilas D, Ruiz-Martinez J, Langkamp M, Corvol J-C, Cormier F, Knorpp T, Joos TO, Gasser T, Schüle B, Aasly JO, Foroud T, Marti-Masso JF, Brice A, Tolosa E, Marras C, Berg D, Maetzler W Journal of Neuroinflammation
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
The Pharmacodynamic Impact of Apremilast, an Oral Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitor, on Circulating Levels of Inflammatory Biomarkers in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: Substudy Results From a Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial (PALACE 1). (2015) Schafer P, Chen P, Fang L, Wang A, Chopra R. J Immunol Res 2015 Jan 10 [Epub ahead of print]
Identification of plasma biomarker concentration changes resulting from the administration of the Vascular Disrupting Agent BNC105 across 3 clinical trials in mesothelioma, ovarian and renal cancer (2015) Kremmidiotis G, Leske A, Simpson J, Doolin E, Iglesias J AACR 2015
Identification of an age-dependent biomarker signature in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (2015) Ramsey JM, Guest PC, Broek JA, Glennon JC, Rommelse N, Franke B, Rahmoune H, Buitelaar JK, Bahn S. Mol Autism
Development of a Blood-Based Molecular Biomarker Test for Identification of Schizophrenia before Disease Onset (2015) Chan MK, Krebs MO, Cox D, Guest PC, Yolken RH, Rahmoune H, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Leweke FM, Van Beveren NJM, Niebuhr DW, Weber NS, Cowan DN, Suarez-Pinilla P, Crespo-Facorro B, Mam-Lam-Fook C, Bourgin J, Wenstrup RJ, Kaldate RR, Cooper JD, Bahn S Translational Psychiatry
Plasma Inflammatory Factors Are Associated with Anxiety, Depression, and Cognitive Problems in Adults with and without Methamphetamine Dependence: An Exploratory Protein Array Study (2015) Huckans M, Fuller BE, Chalker ALN, Adams M, Loftis JM Frontiers in Psychiatry
A Phase I/Ii Trial of Bnc105p with Everolimus in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (2015) Pal S, Azad A, Bhatia S, Drabkin H, Costello B, Sarantopoulos J, Kanesvaran R, Lauer R, Starodub A, Hauke R, Sweeney CJ, Hahn NM, Sonpavde G, Richey S, Breen T, Kremmidiotis G, Leske A, Doolin E, Bibby DC, Simpson J, Iglesias J, Hutson T Clinical Cancer Research
Inflammatory Molecular Signature Associated With Infectious Agents in Psychosis (2014) Hayes LN, Severance EG, Leek JT, Gressitt KL, Rohleder C, Coughlin JM, Leweke FM, Yolken RH, Sawa A Schizophr Bull. 2014 Apr 17. [Epub ahead of print]
Does ethnicity moderate dementia's biomarkers (2013) Royall DR, Palmer RF; Texas Alzheimer's Research and Care Consortium Neurobiol Aging. 2013 Sep 18. pii: S0197-4580(13)00340-0
Identification of a molecular profile associated with immune status in first onset schizophrenia patients (2013) Herberth M, Rahmoune H, Schwarz E, Koethe D, Harris LW, Kranaster L, Witt SH, Spain M, Barnes A, Schmolz M, Leweke MF, Guest PC, Bahn S Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses
Distinct Molecular Phenotypes in Male and Female Schizophrenia Patients (2013) Ramsey JM, Schwarz E, Guest PC, Van Beveren NJM, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Bahn S PLoS ONE
Identification of blood protein biomarkers that aid in the clinical assessment of patients with malignant glioma (2012) Xu BJ, An QA, Srinivasa Gowda S, Yan W, Pierce LA, Abel TW, Rush SZ, Cooper MK, Ye F, Shyr Y, Weaver KD, Thompson RC Int J Oncol. 2012 Jun;40(6):1995-2003
Electroconvulsive therapy exerts mainly acute molecular changes in serum of major depressive disorder patients (2012) Stelzhammer V, Guest PC, Rothermundt M, Sondermann C, Michael N, Schwarz E, Rahmoune H, Bahn S Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2012 Nov 22. pii: S0924-977X(12)00303-3
Peripheral profiling analysis for bipolar disorder reveals markers associated with reduced cell survival (2011) Herberth M, Koethe D, Levin Y, Schwarz E, Krzyszton ND, Schoeffmann S, Ruh H, Rahmoune H, Kranaster L, Schoenborn T, Leweke MF, Guest PC, Bahn S Proteomics 11: 94-105.
Safety and efficacy of everolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, as single agent in a phase 1/2 study in patients with myelofibrosis (2011) Guglielmelli P, Barosi G, Rambaldi A, Marchioli R, Masciulli A, Tozzi L, Biamonte F, Bartalucci N, Gattoni E, Lupo ML, Finazzi G, Pancrazzi A, Antonioli E, Susini MC, Pieri L, Malevolti E, Usala E, Occhini U, Grossi A, Caglio S, Paratore S, Bosi A, Barbui T, Vannucchi AM Blood. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Association of serum markers with improvement in clinical response measures after treatment with golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite receiving methotrexate: results from the GO-FORWARD study (2010) Visvanathan S, Rahman MU, Keystone E, Genovese M, Klareskog L, Hsia E, Mack M, Buchanan J, Elashoff M, Wagner C Arthritis Res Ther. 12:R211
A Serum Protein-Based Algorithm for the Detection of Alzheimer Disease (2010) O'Bryant SE, Xiao G, Barber R, Reisch J, Doody R, Fairchild T, Adams P, Waring S, Diaz-Arrastia R; for the Texas Alzheimer's Research Consortium Arch Neurol 67: 1077-1081.
Sex-specific serum biomarker patterns in adults with Asperger's syndrome (2010) Schwarz E, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Wang L, Levin Y, Ingudomnukul E, Ruta L, Kent L, Spain M, Baron-Cohen S, Bahn S Mol Psychiatry. 2010 Sep 28. [Epub ahead of print]
Growth Characteristics of the Nonhuman Primate Embryonic Stem Cell Line Cjes001 Depending on Feeder Cell Treatment. (2009) Fleischmann G, Müller T, Blasczyk R, Sasaki E, Horn PA Cloning Stem Cells 11: 225-233.
Neighboring adipocytes participate in the bone marrow microenvironment of multiple myeloma cells. (2007) Caers J, Deleu S, Belaid Z, De Raeve H, Van Valckenborgh E, De Bruyne E, Defresne MP, Van Riet I, Van Camp B, Vanderkerken K Leukemia 21: 1580-1584.
Effects of the incubation in vitro with sorbents on serum proteomic pattern and cytokine concentration in cancer patients during chemotherapy--preliminary results. (2006) Piccolomini F, LouWratten M, Sereni L, Balestreri E, Donadio E, Felicioli A, Felicioli R, Donadio C Biomed Pharmacother 60: 463-467.