Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE)
Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE), also known as Gamma-enolase, is a phosphopyruvate hydratase. It is one of the three enolase isoenzymes found in mammals. This isoenzyme, a homodimer, is found in mature neurons and cells of neuronal origin. A switch from alpha enolase to gamma enolase occurs in neural tissue during development in rats and primates. Detection of NSE with antibodies can be used to identify neuronal cells and cells with neuroendocrine differentiation. NSE is produced by small cell carcinomas which are neuroendocrine in origin. NSE is therefore a useful tumor marker for lung cancer patients.
Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P09104