Myoglobin

Myoglobin is a monomeric heme protein that is structurally related to hemoglobin. Very little free myoglobin is in circulation. It is synthesized and found predominantly in skeletal and cardiac muscle. During the course of a myocardial infarction (MI), myoglobin escapes from the ischemic cardiac muscle and can reach levels 5-10 times normal levels during the first 5-18 hours. A wide variety of pathological processes that damage skeletal muscles, cause release of myoglobin into the circulation. Muscle damage resulting in high levels of myoglobinuria is clinically referred to as rhabdomyolysis. Measurement of myoglobin in rhabdomyolysis may be useful to determine the likelihood of significant renal toxicity. A high serum myoglobin level associated with a low urine myoglobin clearance rate indicates high risk for renal failure. A high serum myoglobin level with high myoglobin clearance rate indicates low risk for renal failure. A relatively low serum myoglobin level indicates minimal risk for renal failure.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P02144


Publications
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Associations of 26 Circulating Inflammatory and Renal Biomarkers with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Long-term Cardiovascular Outcome in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography (ATHEROREMO-NIRS Substudy) (2018) Anroedh SS, Akkerhuis KM, Oemrawsingh RM, Garcia-Garcia HM, Brankovic M, Regar E, van Geuns RJ, Serruys PW, Daemen J, Van Mieghem NM, Boersma E, Kardys I Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Serum Apolipoprotein E and Other Inflammatory Markers Can Identify Non-Responding Patients to a Dendritic Cell Vaccine (2018) Leeman H, Kaminska E, Green D, Bodman-Smith M, Gravett A, Bodman-Smith K, Copier J, Coulton G, Fusi A, Dalgleish AG Translational Oncology
Baseline results of the NeuroNEXT spinal muscular atrophy infant biomarker study (2016) Kolb SJ, Coffey CS, Yankey JW, Krosschell K, Arnold WD, Rutkove SB, Swoboda KJ, Reyna SP, Sakonju A, Darras BT, Shell R, Kuntz N, Castro D, Iannaccone ST, Parsons J, Connolly AM, Chiriboga CA, McDonald C, Burnette WB, Werner K, Thangarajh M, Shieh PB, Finanger E, Cudkowicz ME, McGovern MM, McNeil DE, Finkel R, Kaye E, Kingsley A, Renusch SR, McGovern VL, Wang X, Zaworski PG, Prior TW, Burghes AH, Bartlett A, Kissel JT Ann Clin Transl Neurol
Effects of Acute Endurance Exercise on Plasma Protein Profiles of Endurance-Trained and Untrained Individuals over Time (2016) Schild M, Eichner G, Beiter T, Zuegel M, Niess AM, Steinacker JM, Mooren FC Mediators of Inflammation
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator type methods for the identification of serum biomarkers of overweight and obesity: simulation and application. (2016) Vasquez MM, Hu C, Roe DJ, Chen Z, Halonen M, Guerra S BMC Med Res Methodol
A phase 2 randomized dose-ranging study of the JAK2-selective inhibitor fedratinib (SAR302503) in patients with myelofibrosis (2015) Pardanani A, Tefferi A, Jamieson C, Gabrail NY, Lebedinsky C, Gao G, Liu F, Xu C, Cao H and Talpaz M Blood Cancer Journal
Multiplex immunoassay analysis of plasma shows prominent upregulation of growth factor activity pathways linked to GSK3ß signaling in bipolar patients (2013) Haenisch F, Alsaif M, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Dickerson F, Yolken R, Bahn S Journal of Affective Disorders
Identification of blood-based molecular signatures for prediction of response and relapse in schizophrenia patients (2012) Schwarz E, Guest PC, Steiner J, Bogerts B, Bahn S Translational Psychiatry (2012) 2, e82
Association of serum markers with improvement in clinical response measures after treatment with golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite receiving methotrexate: results from the GO-FORWARD study (2010) Visvanathan S, Rahman MU, Keystone E, Genovese M, Klareskog L, Hsia E, Mack M, Buchanan J, Elashoff M, Wagner C Arthritis Res Ther. 12:R211
Validation of a Multivariate Serum Profile for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Using a Prospective Multi-Site Collection (2010) Seshaiah P, Bertenshaw GP, Chen TH, Bergstrom KJ, Zhao J, Mapes JP, Stephen LL, Amonkar S, McCollum ME, Miller BE, Roman LD, Karlan BY, Chalas E, DiSilvestro PA, Barter JF, Orr Jr JW, Bigsby IV GE, Holloway RW, Alvarez RD, Yip PF, Mansfield BC Nature Precedings Jul 2010.
Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Multivariate Index Assay for Ovarian Cancer. (2009) Amonkar SD, Bertenshaw GP, Chen TH, Bergstrom KJ, Zhao J, Seshaiah P, Yip P, Mansfield BC PLoS ONE 4: e4599.
Phase I study of eptifibatide in patients with sickle cell anaemia. (2007) Lee SP, Ataga KI, Zayed M, Manganello JM, Orringer EP, Phillips DR, Parise LV Br J Haematol 139: 612-620.
Multi-Analyte Profiling of Post-Myocardial Infarction Plasma Samples. (2007) Escobar GP and Lindsey ML FASEB J. 21: 746.11.