Matrix Metalloproteinase-9, total (MMP-9, total)

Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), also known as 92 kd type IV collagenase or Gelatinase B, is a zinc-dependent endopeptidase, synthesized and secreted in monomeric form as a zymogen. The structure is similar to MMP-2, another member of matrixmetalloproteinase family. Its primary function is degradation of proteins in the extracellular matrix, digesting decorin, elastin, fibrillin, laminin, gelatin (denatured collagen), and types IV, V, XI and XVI collagen. MMP-9 also activates growth factors like proTGFb and proTNFa. Physiologically, MMP-9 in coordination with other MMPs, plays a role in normal tissue remodeling events such as neurite growth, embryonic development, angiogenesis, ovulation, mammary gland involution and wound healing. MMP-9, with other MMPs, is also involved in osteoblastic bone formation and/or inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption. Elevated expression of MMP-9, along with MMP-2, is usually seen in invasive and highly tumorigenic cancers such as colorectal tumors, gastric carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma, breast cancer, oral cancer, melanoma, malignant gliomas, chondrosarcoma, and gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. Levels are also increased in malignant astrocytomas, carcinomatous meningitis, and brain metastases.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P14780


 
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Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Networks of blood proteins in the neuroimmunology of schizophrenia (2018) Jeffries CD, Perkins DO, Fournier M, Do KQ, Cuenod M, Khadimallah I, Domenici E, Addington J, Bearden CE, Cadenhead KS, Cannon TD, Cornblatt BA, Mathalon DH, McGlashan TH, Seidman LJ, Tsuang M, Walker EF, Woods SW Transl Psychiatry
Association between Cytokines and Functional, Hemodynamic Parameters, and Clinical Outcomes in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (2018) Joshi AA, Davey RA, Rao Y, Shen K, Benza R, Raina A Pulmonary Circulation
Early Plasma Matrix Metalloproteinase Profiles: A Novel Pathway in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrom (2018) Zinter MS, Delucchi KL, Kong MY, Orwoll BE, Spicer AS, Lim MJ, Alkhouli MF, Ratiu AE, McKenzie AV, McQuillen PS, Dvorak CC, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Sapru A American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Cerebrovascular and microglial states are not altered by functional neuroinflammatory gene variant (2016) Felsky D, De Jager PL, Schneider JA, Arfanakis K, Fleischman DA, Arvanitakis Z, Honer WG, Pouget JG, Mizrahi R, Pollock BG, Kennedy JL, Bennett DA, Voineskos AN J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
Towards a Blood-Based Diagnostic Panel for Bipolar Disorder (2016) Haenisch F, Cooper JD, Reif A, Kittel-Schneider S, Steiner J, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Van Beveren NJM, Crespo-Facorro B, Niebuhr DW, Cowan DN, Weber NS, Yolken RH, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
A phase 2 randomized dose-ranging study of the JAK2-selective inhibitor fedratinib (SAR302503) in patients with myelofibrosis (2015) Pardanani A, Tefferi A, Jamieson C, Gabrail NY, Lebedinsky C, Gao G, Liu F, Xu C, Cao H and Talpaz M Blood Cancer Journal
Plasma Based Markers of [(11)C] PiB-PET Brain Amyloid Burden (2012) Kiddle SJ, Thambisetty M, Simmons A, Riddoch-Contreras J, Hye A, Westman E, Pike I, Ward M, Johnston C, Lupton MK, Lunnon K, Soininen H, Kloszewska I, Tsolaki M, Vellas B, Mecocci P, Lovestone S, Newhouse S, Dobson R; for the Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e44260.