Interleukin-2 (IL-2)

Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a central regulator of immune responses, and plays a pivotal role in anti-inflammatory reactions, hematopoiesis, and tumor surveillance. It stimulates the synthesis of IFN-gamma in peripheral leukocytes and also induces the secretion of IL-1, TNF-alpha, and TNF-beta. IL-2 displays significant anti-tumor activity for a variety of tumor cell types since it supports the proliferation and clonal expansion of T-cells that specifically attack certain tumor types. A number of diseases are associated with the aberrant expression of IL-2 or IL-2 receptors, including Hodgkin's disease, Graft-versus-Host reaction, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, type-1 diabetes, lepromatous leprosy, AIDS, immunodeficiency syndrome, severe burn traumas, and allogenic bone marrow transplantation.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P60568


Publications
Phase Ib Study of Glasdegib, A Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor, in (2018) Savona M, Pollyea D, Stock W, Oehler V, Schroeder MA, Lancet J, McCloskey J, Kantarigian H, Ma WW, Shaik MN, Laird AD, Zeremski M, O'Connell A, Chan G, Cortes JE Clinical Cancer Research
Evaluation of plasma biomarkers of inflammation in patients with maple syrup urine disease (2018) Scaini G, Tonon T, Moura de Souza CF, Schuck PF, Ferreira GC, Quevedo J, Seda Neto J, Amorim T, Camelo Jr JS, Vitoria Barban Margutti A, Hencke Tresbach R, Sperb-Ludwig F, Boy R, V. de Medeiros PF, Schwards IVD, Luiz Streck E Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
IL-17 blockade with secukinumab in peripheral spondyloarthritis impacts synovial immunopathology without compromising systemic immune responses (2018) van Mens LJJ, van de Sande MGH, Menegatti S, Chen S, Blijdorp ICP, de Jong HM, Fluri IA, Latuhihin TE, van Kuijk AWR, Rogge L, Yeremenko NG, Baeten DLP Arthritis Rheumatol
Synergistic Cytokine Effects as Apremilast Response Predictors in Patients With Psoriasis (2018) Garcet S, Nograles K, Correa da Rosa J, Schafer PH, Krueger JG Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Cereblon modulator iberdomide induces degradation of the transcription factor Ikaros and Aiolos: immunomodulation in healthy volunteers and relevance to systemic lupus erythematosus (2018) Schafer PH, Ye Y, Wu L, Kosek J, Ringheim G, Yang Z, Liu L, Thomas M, Palmisano M, Chopra R Ann Rheum Dis
The REAnimation Low Immune Status Markers (REALISM) project: a protocol for broad characterisation and follow-up of injury-induced immunosuppression in intensive care unit (ICU) critically ill patients (2017) Rol ML, Venet F, Rimmele T, Moucadel V, Cortez P, Quemeneur L, Gardiner D, Griffiths A, Pachot A, Textoris J, Monneret G, On behalf of the REALISM study group BMJ Open
Altered Immune Activation and IL-23 Signaling in Response to Candida albicans in Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 1 (2017) Bruserud O, Bratland E, Hellesen A, Delaleu N, Reikvam H, Oftedal BE, and Wolff A Front Immunol.
The role of anxious distress in immune dysregulation in patients with major depressive disorder. (2017) Gaspersz R, Lamers F, Wittenberg G, Beekman ATF, van Hemert AM, Schoevers RA, Penninx BWJH Transl Psychiatry
The impact of antiretroviral therapy on iron homeostasis and inflammation markers in HIV-infected patients with mild anemia. (2017) Quiros-Roldan E, Castelli F, Lanza P, Pezzoli C, Vezzoli M; Inflammation in HIV Study Group, Biasiotto G, Zanella I J Transl Med.
Cytokine Production Capacity in Depression and Anxiety (2016) Vogelzangs N, De Jonge P, Smit JH, Bahn S, Penninx BW Translational Psychiatry
Biological stress systems, adverse life events and the improvement of chronic multi-site musculoskeletal pain across a 6-year follow-up. (2016) Generaal E, Vogelzangs N, Macfarlane GJ, Geenen R, Smit JH, de Geus EJ, Dekker J, Penninx BW. J Pain
Biological stress systems, adverse life events and the onset of chronic multisite musculoskeletal pain: a 6-year cohort study. (2015) Generaal E, Vogelzangs N, Macfarlane GJ, Geenen R, Smit JH, de Geus EJ, Penninx BW, Dekker J. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Apr 22. pii: annrheumdis-2014-206741. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-206741. [Epub ahead of print]
Progressive Reduction in Cortical Thickness as Psychosis Develops: A Multisite Longitudinal Neuroimaging Study of Youth at Elevated Clinical Risk (2015) Cannon TD, Chung Y, He G, Sun D, Jacobson A, Van Erp TGM, Mcewen S, Addington J, Bearden CE, Cadenhead K, Cornblatt B, Mathalon DH, Mcglashan T, Perkins D, Jeffries C, Seidman LJ, Tsuang M, Walker E, Woods SW, Heinssen R Biological Psychiatry
Immunomodulatory Activities of a Concentrated Fruit and Vegetable Juice Tested in a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Clinical Trial in Healthy Volunteers (2014) Schmolz M, März RW, Schaudt M, Schaudt C, Lauster C Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 4, 2014, pp. 341-350
Exploring effects of a natural combination medicine on exercise-induced inflammatory immune response: A double-blind RCT (2014) Pilat C, Frech T, Wagner A, Krüger K, Hillebrecht A, Pons-Kühnemann J, Scheibelhut C, Bödeker RH, Mooren FC Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2014 Jun 12
Basal inflammation and innate immune response in chronic multisite musculoskeletal pain. (2014) Generaal E, Vogelzangs N, Macfarlane GJ, Geenen R, Smit JH, Dekker J, Penninx BW. Pain. 2014 Aug;155(8):1605-12. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2014.05.007. Epub 2014 May 9.
Identification of Subgroups of Schizophrenia Patients with Changes in Either Immune or Growth Factor and Hormonal Pathways (2013) Schwarz E, Van Beveren NJM, Ramsey J, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Guest PC, Bahn S Schizophrenia Bulletin
Intraindividual long term stability and response corridors of cytokines in healthy volunteers detected by a standardized whole-blood culture system for bed-side application (2012) Mueller SC, März R, Schmolz M, Drewelow B BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012 Aug 1;12(1):112
Safety and efficacy of everolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, as single agent in a phase 1/2 study in patients with myelofibrosis (2011) Guglielmelli P, Barosi G, Rambaldi A, Marchioli R, Masciulli A, Tozzi L, Biamonte F, Bartalucci N, Gattoni E, Lupo ML, Finazzi G, Pancrazzi A, Antonioli E, Susini MC, Pieri L, Malevolti E, Usala E, Occhini U, Grossi A, Caglio S, Paratore S, Bosi A, Barbui T, Vannucchi AM Blood. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Classification of Alcohol Abuse by Plasma Protein Biomarkers. (2010) Freeman WM, Salzberg AC, Gonzales SW, Grant KA, Vrana KE Biol Psychiatry 68: 219-22.