Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF)

Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the growth and differentiation of hematopoietic precursor cells from various lineages including granulocytes, macrophages, eosinophils and erythrocytes. GM-CSF is used in myeloid reconstitution following bone marrow transplant, bone marrow transplant engraftment failure or delay, mobilization and following transplantation of autologous peripheral blood progenitor cells, and following induction chemotherapy in older adults with acute myelogenous leukemia.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P04141


Publications
Phase Ib Study of Glasdegib, A Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor, in (2018) Savona M, Pollyea D, Stock W, Oehler V, Schroeder MA, Lancet J, McCloskey J, Kantarigian H, Ma WW, Shaik MN, Laird AD, Zeremski M, O'Connell A, Chan G, Cortes JE Clinical Cancer Research
Key Proteins Involed in Spheroid Formation and Angiogenesis in Endothelial Cells After Long-Term Exposure to Simulated Microgravity (2018) Dittrich A, Grimm D, Sahana J, Bauer J, Kruger M, Infanger M, Magnusson N Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 2018
Evaluation of plasma biomarkers of inflammation in patients with maple syrup urine disease (2018) Scaini G, Tonon T, Moura de Souza CF, Schuck PF, Ferreira GC, Quevedo J, Seda Neto J, Amorim T, Camelo Jr JS, Vitoria Barban Margutti A, Hencke Tresbach R, Sperb-Ludwig F, Boy R, V. de Medeiros PF, Schwards IVD, Luiz Streck E Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
IL-17 blockade with secukinumab in peripheral spondyloarthritis impacts synovial immunopathology without compromising systemic immune responses (2018) van Mens LJJ, van de Sande MGH, Menegatti S, Chen S, Blijdorp ICP, de Jong HM, Fluri IA, Latuhihin TE, van Kuijk AWR, Rogge L, Yeremenko NG, Baeten DLP Arthritis Rheumatol
Synergistic Cytokine Effects as Apremilast Response Predictors in Patients With Psoriasis (2018) Garcet S, Nograles K, Correa da Rosa J, Schafer PH, Krueger JG Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Cereblon modulator iberdomide induces degradation of the transcription factor Ikaros and Aiolos: immunomodulation in healthy volunteers and relevance to systemic lupus erythematosus (2018) Schafer PH, Ye Y, Wu L, Kosek J, Ringheim G, Yang Z, Liu L, Thomas M, Palmisano M, Chopra R Ann Rheum Dis
The role of anxious distress in immune dysregulation in patients with major depressive disorder. (2017) Gaspersz R, Lamers F, Wittenberg G, Beekman ATF, van Hemert AM, Schoevers RA, Penninx BWJH Transl Psychiatry
The impact of antiretroviral therapy on iron homeostasis and inflammation markers in HIV-infected patients with mild anemia. (2017) Quiros-Roldan E, Castelli F, Lanza P, Pezzoli C, Vezzoli M; Inflammation in HIV Study Group, Biasiotto G, Zanella I J Transl Med.
Predictors of Asthma Following Severe Respiratory Syncytial Virus (Rsv) Bronchiolitis in Early Childhood (2016) Lu S, Hartert TV, Everard ML, Giezek H, Nelsen L, Mehta A, Patel H, Knorr B, Reiss TF Pediatric Pulmonology
Sjögren’s Syndrome Patients with Ectopic Germinal Centers Present with a Distinct Salivary Proteome (2016) Delaleu N, Mydel P, Brun JG, Jonsson MV, Alimonti A, Jonsson R Rheumatology
Progressive Reduction in Cortical Thickness as Psychosis Develops: A Multisite Longitudinal Neuroimaging Study of Youth at Elevated Clinical Risk (2015) Cannon TD, Chung Y, He G, Sun D, Jacobson A, Van Erp TGM, Mcewen S, Addington J, Bearden CE, Cadenhead K, Cornblatt B, Mathalon DH, Mcglashan T, Perkins D, Jeffries C, Seidman LJ, Tsuang M, Walker E, Woods SW, Heinssen R Biological Psychiatry
Immunomodulatory Activities of a Concentrated Fruit and Vegetable Juice Tested in a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Clinical Trial in Healthy Volunteers (2014) Schmolz M, März RW, Schaudt M, Schaudt C, Lauster C Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 4, 2014, pp. 341-350
Exploring effects of a natural combination medicine on exercise-induced inflammatory immune response: A double-blind RCT (2014) Pilat C, Frech T, Wagner A, Krüger K, Hillebrecht A, Pons-Kühnemann J, Scheibelhut C, Bödeker RH, Mooren FC Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2014 Jun 12
Basal inflammation and innate immune response in chronic multisite musculoskeletal pain. (2014) Generaal E, Vogelzangs N, Macfarlane GJ, Geenen R, Smit JH, Dekker J, Penninx BW. Pain. 2014 Aug;155(8):1605-12. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2014.05.007. Epub 2014 May 9.
Distinctive Colonic Mucosal Cytokine Signature in New-Onset, Untreated Pediatric Crohn Disease (2014) Sylvester FA, Draghi A, Menoret A, Fernandez ML, Wang Z, Vella AT Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
The effects of vitamin A on cells of innate immunity in vitro (2013) Wojtal K, Wolfram L, Frey-Wagner I, Lang S, Scharl M, Vavricka SR, Rogler G Toxicology in Vitro,
Safety and efficacy of everolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, as single agent in a phase 1/2 study in patients with myelofibrosis (2011) Guglielmelli P, Barosi G, Rambaldi A, Marchioli R, Masciulli A, Tozzi L, Biamonte F, Bartalucci N, Gattoni E, Lupo ML, Finazzi G, Pancrazzi A, Antonioli E, Susini MC, Pieri L, Malevolti E, Usala E, Occhini U, Grossi A, Caglio S, Paratore S, Bosi A, Barbui T, Vannucchi AM Blood. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Identification of distinct plasma biomarker signatures in patients with rapid and slow declining forms of COPD (2010) Devanarayan V, Scholand MB, Hoidal J, Leppert MF, Crackower MA, O'Neill GP, Gervais FG COPD 7: 51-58.
Metronomic Gemcitabine Suppresses Tumour Growth, Improves Perfusion, and Reduces Hypoxia in Human Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (2010) Cham KKY, Baker JHE, Takhar KS, Flexman JA, Wong MQ, Owen DA, Yung A, Kozlowski P, Reinsberg SA, Chu EM, Chang CWA, Buczkowski AK, Chung SW, Scudamore CH, Minchinton AI, Yapp DTT, Ng SSW British Journal of Cancer
Comparative efficacy and safety of aliskiren and irbesartan in patients with hypertension and metabolic syndrome. (2010) Krone W, Hanefeld M, Meyer HF, Jung T, Bartlett M, Yeh CM, Rajman I, Prescott MF, Dole WP J Hum Hypertens [Epub ahead of print]
Molecular Analyte Profiling of the Early Events and Tissue Conditioning Following Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Therapy in Patients With Superficial Bladder Cancer. (2009) Bisiaux A, Thiounn N, Timsit MO, Eladaoui A, Chang HH, Mapes J, Mogenet A, Bresson JL, Prié D, Béchet S, Baron C, Sadorge C, Thomas S, Albert EB, Albert PS, Albert ML J Urol 181: 1571-1580.
IL-33 amplifies both Th1- and Th2-type responses through its activity on human basophils, allergen-reactive Th2 cells, iNKT and NK cells. (2008) Smithgall MD, Comeau MR, Yoon BR, Kaufman D, Armitage R, Smith DE Int Immunol 20: 1019-1030.