Cortisol (Cortisol)

Cortisol is a corticosteroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. It is a vital hormone that is often referred to as the "stress hormone". Cortisol increases blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and has an immunosuppressive action. In pharmacology, the synthetic form of cortisol is referred to as hydrocortisone and is used as an antagonist in the treatment of allergies and inflammation as well as substitute supplementation in cortisol production deficiencies. Cortisol is metabolized by the 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase system (11-beta HSD). An alteration in 11-beta HSD1 has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of obesity, hypertension, and insulin resistance.

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This analyte is not currently part of Myriad RBM's testing menu.

 
Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Measurement of a Surrogate Biomarker for Arginine Vasopressin Secretion in Association with Physiometric and Molecular Biomarkers of Aging. (2020) Guest PC, Bernstein HB, Dobrowolny H, Borucki K, Westphal S, Steiner J Methods in Molecular Biology
Cortisol associated with hypometabolism across the Alzheimer's disease (2019) Wirth M, Huijbers W, Lange C bioRxiv
Plasma cortisol is associated with cerebral hypometabolism across the Alzheimer’s disease spectrum (2019) Wirth M, Lange C, Huijbers W, for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Neurobiology of Aging
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Allostatic load is associated with psychotic symptoms and decreases withantipsychotic treatment in patients with schizophrenia and ?rst-episodepsychosis (2018) Berger M, Juster RP, Westphal S, Amminger P, Bogerts B, Schiltz K, Bahn S, Steiner J, Sarnyai Z Psychoneuroendocrinology
High false-positive rate of a putative biomarker test to aid in the diagnosis of schizophrenia (2016) Wehler CA, Preskorn, SH Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
Oxidative stress in drug-naïve first episode patients with schizophrenia and major depression: effects of disease acuity and potential confounders (2016) Jordan W, Dobrowolny H, Bahn S, Bernstein HG, Brigadski T Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci
Early Role of Vascular Dysregulation on Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease Based on Multifactorial Data-Driven Analysis (2016) Iturria-Medina Y, Sotero RC, Toussaint PJ, Mateos-Perez JM, Evans AC, The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Nature Communications
Proteomic changes in serum of first onset, antidepressant drug-naïve major depression patients. (2014) Stelzhammer V, Haenisch F, Chan MK, Cooper JD, Steiner J, Steeb H, Martins-de-Souza D, Rahmoune H, Guest PC, Bahn S. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 Oct;17(10):1599-608. doi: 10.1017/S1461145714000819. Epub 2014 Jun 5.
Serum proteomic analysis identifies sex-specific differences in lipid metabolism and inflammation profiles in adults diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (2014) Steeb H, Ramsey JM, Guest PC, Stocki P, Cooper JD, Rahmoune H, Ingudomnukul E, Auyeung B, Ruta L, Baron-Cohen S, Bahn S Mol Autism. 2014 Jan 27;5(1):4
Relationship between Plasma Analytes and SPARE-AD Defined Brain Atrophy Patterns in ADNI (2013) Toledo JB, Da X, Bhatt P, Wolk DA, Arnold SE, Shaw LM, Trojanowski JQ, Davatzikos C PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e55531
The effects of stress on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in subjects with schizophrenia (2013) Guest FL, Martins-de-Souza D, Rahmoune H, Bahn S, Guest PC Rev Psiq Clín. 2013;40(1):20-7
Identification of Subgroups of Schizophrenia Patients with Changes in Either Immune or Growth Factor and Hormonal Pathways (2013) Schwarz E, Van Beveren NJM, Ramsey J, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Guest PC, Bahn S Schizophrenia Bulletin
Identification of a molecular profile associated with immune status in first onset schizophrenia patients (2013) Herberth M, Rahmoune H, Schwarz E, Koethe D, Harris LW, Kranaster L, Witt SH, Spain M, Barnes A, Schmolz M, Leweke MF, Guest PC, Bahn S Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses
Plasma metabolomics and proteomics profiling after a postprandial challenge reveal subtle diet effects on human metabolic status (2012) Pellis L, van Erk MJ, van Ommen B, Bakker GCM, Hendriks HFJ, Cnubben NHP, Kleemann R, van Someren EP, Bobeldijk I, Rubingh CM, Wopereis S Metabolomics
Blood-Based Protein Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease (2012) Doecke JD, Laws SM, Faux NG, Wilson W, Burnham SC, Lam CP, Mondal A, Bedo J, Bush AI, Brown B, De Ruyck K, Ellis KA, Fowler C, Gupta VB, Head R, Macaulay SL, Pertile K, Rowe CC, Rembach A, Rodrigues M, Rumble R, Szoeke C, Taddei K, Taddei T, Trounson B, Ames D, Masters CL, Martins RN; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative and Australian Imaging Biomarker and Lifestyle Research Group Arch Neurol. 2012 Jul 16:1-8
Plasma Based Markers of [(11)C] PiB-PET Brain Amyloid Burden (2012) Kiddle SJ, Thambisetty M, Simmons A, Riddoch-Contreras J, Hye A, Westman E, Pike I, Ward M, Johnston C, Lupton MK, Lunnon K, Soininen H, Kloszewska I, Tsolaki M, Vellas B, Mecocci P, Lovestone S, Newhouse S, Dobson R; for the Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e44260.
Blood profiling of proteins and steroids during weight maintenance with manipulation of dietary protein level and glycaemic index (2012) Wang P, Holst C, Astrup A, Bouwman FG, van Otterdijk S, Wodzig WK, Andersen MR, van Baak MA, Rasmussen LG, Martinez JA, Jebb SA, Pfeiffer AF, Kafatos A, Handjieva-Darlenska T, Hlavaty P, Saris WH, Mariman EC Br J Nutr. 2012 Jan;107(1):106-19
Cardiovascular risk factors, cortisol, and amyloid-ß deposition in Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (2012) Toledo JB, Toledo E, Weiner MW, Jack CR Jr, Jagust W, Lee VM, Shaw LM, Trojanowski JQ; Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Alzheimers Dement. 2012 Nov;8(6):483-9
Altered Levels of Circulating Insulin and Other Neuroendocrine Hormones Associated with the Onset of Schizophrenia (2011) Guest PC, Schwarz E, Krishnamurthy D, Harris LW, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Van Beveren N, Spain M, Barnes A, Steiner J, Rahmoune H, Bahn S Psychoneuroendocrinology
Validation of a Blood-Based Laboratory Test to Aid in the Confirmation of a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia (2010) Schwarz E, Izmailov R, Spain M, Barnes A, Mapes JP, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Pietsch S, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Koethe D, Kranaster L, Ohrmann P, Suslow T, Levin Y, Bogerts B, (JM) van Beveren N, McAllister G, Weber N, Niebuhr D, Cowan D, Yolken RH, Bahn S Biomark Insights5: 39–47.
Identification of targeted analyte clusters for studies of schizophrenia. (2010) Cheng TM, Lu YE, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Harris LW, Wang L, Ma D, Stelzhammer V, Umrania Y, Wayland MT, Lió P, Bahn S Mol Cell Proteomics 9: 510-522.