C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is an acute phase reactant which can be used as a general screening aid for inflammatory diseases, infections, and neoplastic diseases. In addition to its usual value as an acute phase reactant, CRP in large concentrations (>5 mg/dL) predicts progression of erosions in rheumatoid arthritis. Elevated serum CRP is characteristic of bacterial, but not viral, meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Elevated concentrations of CRP are associated with a risk of myocardial infarction in patients with stable and unstable angina. CRP can predict the risk of first myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke in apparently healthy individuals.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P02741


Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Inflammatory parameters associated with systemic reactogenicity following vaccinatino with adjuvanted hepatitis B vaccines in humans (2019) Burny W, Marchant A, Herve C, Callegaro A, Caubet M, Fissette L, Gheyle L, Legrand C, Ndour C, Tavares Da Silva F, van der Most R, Willems F, Didierlaurent AM, Yarzabal J, ECR-008 study group Vaccine
Effects of canagliflozin versus glimepiride on adipokines and in inflammatory biomarkers in type 2 diabetes (2018) Garvey WT, Van Gaal L, Leiter LA, Vijapurkar U, List J, Cuddihy R, Ren J, Davies M Metabolism Clinical and Experimenta
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Allostatic load is associated with psychotic symptoms and decreases withantipsychotic treatment in patients with schizophrenia and ?rst-episodepsychosis (2018) Berger M, Juster RP, Westphal S, Amminger P, Bogerts B, Schiltz K, Bahn S, Steiner J, Sarnyai Z Psychoneuroendocrinology
Anemia and Adverse Outcomes in a Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Population with a High Burden of Comorbidities (2018) Putcha N, Fawzy A, Paul GG, Lambert AA, Psoter KJ, Sidhaye VK, Woo J, Wells JM, Labaki WW, Doerschuk CM, Kanner RE, Han MK, Martinez C, Paulin LM, Martinez FJ, Wise RA, O'Neal WK, Barr RG, Hansei NN AnnalsATS
Synergistic Cytokine Effects as Apremilast Response Predictors in Patients With Psoriasis (2018) Garcet S, Nograles K, Correa da Rosa J, Schafer PH, Krueger JG Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Proteomics in Chronic Arthritis - Will We Finally Have Useful Biomarkers? (2018) Kessel C, McArdle A, Verweyen E, Weinhage T, Wittkowski H, Pennington SR, Foell D Current Rheumatology Reports
Testing a multivariate proteomic panel for TBI biomarker discovery: A track-TBI pilot study (2018) Huie JR, Diaz-Arrastia R, Yue JK, Sorani M, Puccio A, Okonkwo DO, Manley GT, Ferguson AR Journal of Neurotrauma
Associations of 26 Circulating Inflammatory and Renal Biomarkers with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Long-term Cardiovascular Outcome in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography (ATHEROREMO-NIRS Substudy) (2018) Anroedh SS, Akkerhuis KM, Oemrawsingh RM, Garcia-Garcia HM, Brankovic M, Regar E, van Geuns RJ, Serruys PW, Daemen J, Van Mieghem NM, Boersma E, Kardys I Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Serum Apolipoprotein E and Other Inflammatory Markers Can Identify Non-Responding Patients to a Dendritic Cell Vaccine (2018) Leeman H, Kaminska E, Green D, Bodman-Smith M, Gravett A, Bodman-Smith K, Copier J, Coulton G, Fusi A, Dalgleish AG Translational Oncology
Protein Biomarker Druggability Profiling (2017) Mani S, Cannon D, Ohls R, Oprea T, Mathias S, Ballard K, Ursu O, Bologa C J Biomed Inform
Few serum proteins mediate APOE’s association with dementia. (2017) Royall DR, Al-Rubaye S, Bishnoi R, Raymond PF PLOS ONE
Neuronal Pentraxin 2 predicts medial temporal atrophy and memory decline across the Alzheimer's disease spectrum. (2017) Swanson A, Willette AA; Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Brain Behav Immun.
Peripheral biomarkers of major depression and antidepressant treatment response: Current knowledge and future outlooks (2017) Gadad BS, Jha MK, Czysz A, Furman JL, Mayes TL, Emslie MP, Trivedi MH J Affect Disord
Effect of DHA supplementation on oxylipin levels in plasma and immune cell stimulated blood. (2017) Schuchardt JP, Ostermann AI, Stork L, Fritzsch S, Kohrs H, Greupner T, Hahn A, Schebb NH Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids
A randomised, placebo-controlled trial of anti-interleukin-1 receptor 1 monoclonal antibody MEDI8968 in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (2017) Calverley PMA, Sethi S, Dawson M, Ward CK, Finch DK, Penney M, Newbold P, van der Merwe R Respir Res.
Inflammatory proteins in nasal lavage of workers exposed to occupational agents. (2017) Castano R, Yucesoy B, Johnson VJ, Castellanos L, Cartier A Clin Exp Allergy
Cerebrovascular and microglial states are not altered by functional neuroinflammatory gene variant (2016) Felsky D, De Jager PL, Schneider JA, Arfanakis K, Fleischman DA, Arvanitakis Z, Honer WG, Pouget JG, Mizrahi R, Pollock BG, Kennedy JL, Bennett DA, Voineskos AN J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
Genetic studies of plasma analytes identify novel potential biomarkers for several complex traits (2016) Deming Y, Xia J, Cai Y, Lord J, Del-Aguila JL, Fernandez MV, Carrell D, Black K, Budde J, Ma S, Saef B, Howells B, Bertelsen S, Bailey M, Ridge PG, Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), Holtzman D, Morris JC, Bales K, Pickering EH, Lee J, Heitsch L, Kauwe J, Goate A, Piccio L, Cruchaga C Scientific Reports
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
Primary Analysis Of A Phase II Open-Label Trial Of INCB039110, A Selective JAK1 Inhibitor, In Patients With Myelofibrosis (2016) Mascarenhas JO, Talpaz M, Gupta V, Foltz LM, Savona MR, Paquette R, Turner AR, Coughlin P, Winton E, Burn TC, O'Neill P, Clark J, Hunter D10, Assad A, Hoffman R, Verstovsek S Haematologica
Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator type methods for the identification of serum biomarkers of overweight and obesity: simulation and application. (2016) Vasquez MM, Hu C, Roe DJ, Chen Z, Halonen M, Guerra S BMC Med Res Methodol
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Associated with Decreases in C-Reactive Protein in Major Depressive Disorder: A Pilot Study (2016) Eisendrath SJ, Gillung E, Hartzler A, James-Myers M, Wolkowitz O, Sipe W, Ramanatham D, Delucchi K J. Altern. Complement. Med.
Serum biomarkers and changes in clinical/MRI evidence of golimumab-treated patients with ankylosing spondylitis: results of the randomized, placebo-controlled GO-RAISE study (2016) Inman RD, Baraliakos X, Hermann KA, Braun J, Deodhar A, Heijde D, Xu S, and Hsu B Arthritis Res Ther.
A Semi-Mechanism Approach Based on Mri and Proteomics for Prediction of Conversion from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Alzheimer’s Disease (2016) Liu H, Zhou X, Jiang H, He H, Liu X Scientific Reports
Serum Proteomic Profiles of Depressive Subtypes (2016) Lamers F, Bot M, Jansen R, Chan MK, Cooper JD, Bahn S, Penninx BWJH Translational Psychiatry
Novel data-mining approach identifies biomarkers for diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (2015) Tremoulet AH, Dutkowski J, Sato Y, Kanegaye JT, Ling XB, Burns JC Pediatr Res.
Shared Immune and Repair Markers During Experimental Toxoplasma Chronic Brain Infection and Schizophrenia (2015) Tomasik J, Schultz TL, Kluge W, Yolken RH, Bahn S, Carruthers VB Schizophr Bull
Comparing biological markers of Alzheimer's disease across blood fraction and platforms: Comparing apples to oranges (2015) O'Bryant SE, Listac S, Rissman RA, Edwards M, Zhang F, Hall J, Zetterberg H, Lovestone S, Gupta V, Graff-Radford N, Martins R, Jeromin A, Waring S, Oh E, King M, Baker L, Hampel H Alzheimers Dement (2015) 1-8
Plasma Inflammatory Factors Are Associated with Anxiety, Depression, and Cognitive Problems in Adults with and without Methamphetamine Dependence: An Exploratory Protein Array Study (2015) Huckans M, Fuller BE, Chalker ALN, Adams M, Loftis JM Frontiers in Psychiatry
Serum protein profiling reveals baseline and pharmacodynamic biomarker signatures associated with clinical outcome in mCRC patients treated with chemotherapy ± cediranib. (2014) Pommier AJ, Shaw R, Spencer SK, Morgan SR, Hoff PM, Robertson JD, Barry ST, Jürgensmeier JM. British Journal of Cancer 2014 Aug 14. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2014.436. [Epub ahead of print]
Distinctive Colonic Mucosal Cytokine Signature in New-Onset, Untreated Pediatric Crohn Disease (2014) Sylvester FA, Draghi A, Menoret A, Fernandez ML, Wang Z, Vella AT Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
A multi-biomarker disease activity score tracks clinical response consistently in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with different anti-tumor necrosis factor therapies: A retrospective observational study (2014) Hirata S, Li W, Defranoux N, Cavet G, Bolce R, Yamaoka K, Saito K & Tanaka Y Mod Rheumatol.
The Link Between C-Reactive Protein and Alzheimer's Disease Among Mexican Americans (2013) O'Bryant SE, Johnson L, Edwards M, Soares H, Devous MD, Ross S, Rohlfing G, Hall J J Alzheimers Dis. 2013;34(3):701-6
Sweet Bing Cherries Lower Circulating Concentrations of Markers for Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Healthy Humans (2013) Kelley DS, Adkins Y, Reddy A, Woodhouse LR, Mackey BE, Erickson KL J Nutr. 2013 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]
Chikungunya Virus-associated Long-term Arthralgia: A 36-month Prospective Longitudinal Study (2013) Schilte C, Staikovsky F, Couderc T, Madec Y, Carpentier F, Kassab S, Albert ML, Lecuit M, Michault A PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 Mar;7(3):e2137
Identification of blood-based molecular signatures for prediction of response and relapse in schizophrenia patients (2012) Schwarz E, Guest PC, Steiner J, Bogerts B, Bahn S Translational Psychiatry (2012) 2, e82
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ruxolitinib for myelofibrosis (2012) Verstovsek S, Mesa RA, Gotlib J, Levy RS, Gupta V, DiPersio JF, Catalano JV, Deininger M, Miller C, Silver RT, Talpaz M, Winton EF, Harvey JH Jr, Arcasoy MO, Hexner E, Lyons RM, Paquette R, Raza A, Vaddi K, Erickson-Viitanen S, Koumenis IL, Sun W, Sandor V, Kantarjian HM N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar;366(9):799-807
Multivariate Protein Signatures of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer's Disease in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) Plasma Proteome Dataset (2012) Johnstone D, Milward EA, Berretta R, Moscato P PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e34341
Biomarkers and Depressive Symptoms in Older Women with and without Cognitive Impairment (2012) Hall JR, Johnson LA, Vo HT, Barber RC, Winter AS, O’Bryant SE Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 2012, 2, 276-281
Markers of inflammation and bone remodelling associated with improvement in clinical response measures in psoriatic arthritis patients treated with golimumab (2012) Wagner CL, Visvanathan S, Elashoff M, McInnes IB, Mease PJ, Krueger GG, Murphy FT, Papp K, Gomez-Reino JJ, Mack M, Beutler A, Gladman D, Kavanaugh A Ann Rheum Dis. 2012 Sep 12. [Epub ahead of print]
Plasma multianalyte profiling in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease (2012) Hu WT, Holtzman DM, Fagan AM, Shaw LM, Perrin R, Arnold SE, Grossman M, Xiong C, Craig-Schapiro R, Clark CM, Pickering E, Kuhn M, Chen Y, Van Deerlin VM, McCluskey L, Elman L, Karlawish J, Chen-Plotkin A, Hurtig HI, Siderowf A, Swenson F, Lee VM, Morris JC, Trojanowski JQ, Soares H; Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Neurology. 2012 Aug 28;79(9):897-905
Plasma Lipid Profiling across Species for the Identification of Optimal Animal Models of Human Dyslipidemia (2012) Yin W, Carballo-Jane E, Mclaren DG, Mendoza VH, Gagen K, Geoghagen NS, Mcnamara LA, Gorski JN, Eiermann GJ, Petrov A, Wolff M, Tong X, Wilsie LC, Akiyama TE, Chen J, Thankappan A, Xue J, Ping X, Andrews G, Wickham LA, Gai CL, Trinh T, Kulick AA, Donnelly MJ, Voronin GO, Rosa R, Cumiskey A-M, Bekkari K, Mitnaul LJ, Puig O, Chen F, Raubertas R, Wong PH, Hansen BC, Koblan KS, Roddy TP, Hubbard BK, Strack AM Journal of Lipid Research
Screening for New Biomarkers for Subcortical Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease (2011) Öhrfelt A, Andreasson U, Simon A, Zetterberg H, Edman A, Potter W, Holder D, Devanarayan V, Seeburger J, Smith AD, Blennow K, Wallin A Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 1: 31–42.
Molecular Markers for Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (2011) Jacovides CL, Parvizi J, Adeli B, Jung KA J Arthroplasty. 2011 May 12. [Epub ahead of print]
Mark B. Coventry Award: Synovial C-reactive Protein: A Prospective Evaluation of a Molecular Marker for Periprosthetic Knee Joint Infection (2011) Parvizi J, Jacovides C, Adeli B, Jung KA, Hozack WJ Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Jul 23. [Epub ahead of print]
Comprehensive serum profiling for the discovery of epithelial ovarian cancer biomarkers (2011) Yip P, Chen TH, Seshaiah P, Stephen LL, Michael-Ballard KL, Mapes JP, Mansfield BC, Bertenshaw GP PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e29533. Epub 2011 Dec 21
Safety and efficacy of everolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, as single agent in a phase 1/2 study in patients with myelofibrosis (2011) Guglielmelli P, Barosi G, Rambaldi A, Marchioli R, Masciulli A, Tozzi L, Biamonte F, Bartalucci N, Gattoni E, Lupo ML, Finazzi G, Pancrazzi A, Antonioli E, Susini MC, Pieri L, Malevolti E, Usala E, Occhini U, Grossi A, Caglio S, Paratore S, Bosi A, Barbui T, Vannucchi AM Blood. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Inflammatory and Hemostatic Response to Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Pediatric Population: Feasibility of Seriological Testing of Multiple Biomarkers (2010) Agirbasli M, Nguyen ML, Win K, Kunselman AR, Clark JB, Myers JL, Undar A Artif Organs. 34: 987-95.
Association of serum markers with improvement in clinical response measures after treatment with golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite receiving methotrexate: results from the GO-FORWARD study (2010) Visvanathan S, Rahman MU, Keystone E, Genovese M, Klareskog L, Hsia E, Mack M, Buchanan J, Elashoff M, Wagner C Arthritis Res Ther. 12:R211
Bevacizumab therapy normalizes the pathological intraocular environment beyond neutralizing VEGF (2010) Sharma RK, Rogojina AT, Chalam KV Mol Vi. 16: 2175-2184.
Safety and efficacy of INCB018424, a JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor, in myelofibrosis (2010) Verstovsek S, Kantarjian H, Mesa RA, Pardanani AD, Cortes-Franco J, Thomas DA, Estrov Z, Fridman JS, Bradley EC, Erickson-Viitanen S, Vaddi K, Levy R, Tefferi A N Engl J Med. 363: 1117-27.
A Serum Protein-Based Algorithm for the Detection of Alzheimer Disease (2010) O'Bryant SE, Xiao G, Barber R, Reisch J, Doody R, Fairchild T, Adams P, Waring S, Diaz-Arrastia R; for the Texas Alzheimer's Research Consortium Arch Neurol 67: 1077-1081.
Validation of a Multivariate Serum Profile for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Using a Prospective Multi-Site Collection (2010) Seshaiah P, Bertenshaw GP, Chen TH, Bergstrom KJ, Zhao J, Mapes JP, Stephen LL, Amonkar S, McCollum ME, Miller BE, Roman LD, Karlan BY, Chalas E, DiSilvestro PA, Barter JF, Orr Jr JW, Bigsby IV GE, Holloway RW, Alvarez RD, Yip PF, Mansfield BC Nature Precedings Jul 2010.
Hypercoagulability, platelet function, inflammation and coronary artery disease acuity: Results of the Thrombotic RIsk Progression (TRIP) Study. (2010) Tantry US, Bliden KP, Suarez TA, Kreutz RP, Dichiara J, Gurbel PA Platelets 21: 360-7.
Decreased C-Reactive Protein Levels in Alzheimer Disease. (2010) O'Bryant SE, Waring SC, Hobson V, Hall JR, Moore CB, Bottiglieri T, Massman P, Diaz-Arrastia R J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 23: 49-53.
Feasibility of FDG imaging of the coronary arteries: comparison between acute coronary syndrome and stable angina. (2010) Rogers IS, Nasir K, Figueroa AL, Cury RC, Hoffmann U, Vermylen DA, Brady TJ, Tawakol A JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 3: 388-397.
Plasma Protein Profiling Reveals Protein Clusters Related to BMI and Insulin Levels in Middle-Aged Overweight Subjects (2010) van Dijk SJ, Feskens EJM, Heidema AG, Bos MB, van de Rest O, Geleijnse JM, de Groot LCPGM, Muller M, Afman LA PLoS ONE 12: e14422.
Individual Differences in Hyperlipidemia and Vitamin E Status in Response to Chronic Alcohol Self-Administration in Cynomolgus Monkeys (2010) Lebold KM, Grant KA, Freeman WM, Wiren KM, Miller GW, Kiley C, Leonard SW, Traber MG Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010 Nov 30. [Epub ahead of print]
Multi analyte profiling and variability of inflammatory markers in blood and induced sputum in patients with stable COPD (2010) Aaron SD, Vandemheen KL, Ramsay T, Zhang C, Avnur Z, Nikolcheva T, Quinn A Respir Res. 2010 Apr 22;11:41
An Antiinflammatory Dietary Mix Modulates Inflammation and Oxidative and Metabolic Stress in Overweight Men: A Nutrigenomics Approach (2010) Bakker GC, Van Erk MJ, Pellis L, Wopereis S, Rubingh CM, Cnubben NH, Kooistra T, Van Ommen B, Hendriks HF The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Cynomolgus Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) Infected with Group A Streptococcus (2010) Olsen RJ, Ashraf M, Gonulal VE, Ayeras AA, Cantu C, Shea PR, Carroll RK, Humbird T, Greaver JL, Swain JL, Chang E, Ragasa W, Jenkins L, Lally KP, Blasdel T, Cagle P, Musser JM Microb Pathog 49: 336-47.
Dysregulated macrophage-inflammatory protein-2 expression drives illness in bacterial superinfection of influenza. (2010) Zavitz CC, Bauer CM, Gaschler GJ, Fraser KM, Strieter RM, Hogaboam CM, Stampfli MR J Immunol 184: 2001-2013.
Lack of a major role of Staphylococcus aureus Panton-Valentine leukocidin in lower respiratory tract infection in nonhuman primates. (2010) Olsen RJ, Kobayashi SD, Ayeras AA, Ashraf M, Graves SF, Ragasa W, Humbird T, Greaver JL, Cantu C, Swain JL, Jenkins L, Blasdel T, Cagle PT, Gardner DJ, DeLeo FR, Musser JM Am J Pathol 176: 1346-1354.
Immune Activation in Advanced Cancer Patients Treated with Recombinant IL-21: Multianalyte Profiling of Serum Proteins. (2009) Dodds MG, Frederiksen KS, Skak K, Hansen LT, Lundsgaard D, Thompson JA, Hughes SD Cancer Immunol Immunother 58: 843-854.
Multiplex Immunoassay Analysis of Biomarkers in Clinically Accessible Quantities of Human Aqueous Humor. (2009) Sharma RK, Rogojina AT, Chalam KV Mol Vis 15: 60-69.
The Link Between Heightened Thrombogenicity and Inflammation: Pre-Procedure Characterization of the Patient at High Risk for Recurrent Events After Stenting. (2009) Gurbel PA, Bliden KP, Kreutz RP, Dichiara J, Antonino MJ, Tantry US Platelets 20: 97-104.
Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Multivariate Index Assay for Ovarian Cancer. (2009) Amonkar SD, Bertenshaw GP, Chen TH, Bergstrom KJ, Zhao J, Seshaiah P, Yip P, Mansfield BC PLoS ONE 4: e4599.
TGF-beta signalling-related markers in cancer patients with bone metastasis. (2008) Baselga J, Rothenberg ML, Tabernero J, Seoane J, Daly T, Cleverly A, Berry B, Rhoades SK, Ray CA, Fill J, Farrington DL, Wallace LA, Yingling JM, Lahn M, Arteaga C, Carducci M Biomarkers 13: 217-236.
Multianalyte profiling of serum antigens and autoimmune and infectious disease molecules to identify biomarkers dysregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer. (2008) Bertenshaw GP, Yip P, Seshaiah P, Zhao J, Chen TH, Wiggins WS, Mapes JP, Mansfield BC Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17: 2872-81.
Biomarker analysis by fluorokine multianalyte profiling distinguishes patients requiring intervention from patients with long-term quiescent coronary artery disease: a potential approach to identify atherosclerotic disease progression. (2008) Gurbel PA, Kreutz RP, Bliden KP, DiChiara J, Tantry US Am Heart J 155: 56-61.
Endothelial activation markers in anemic non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients. (2008) Patel TV, Mittal BV, Keithi-Reddy SR, Duffield JS, Singh AK Nephron Clin Pract 110: c244-250.
The metabolic state of diabetic monkeys is regulated by fibroblast growth factor-21. (2007) Kharitonenkov A, Wroblewski VJ, Koester A, Chen YF, Clutinger CK, Tigno XT, Hansen BC, Shanafelt AB, Etgen GJ Endocrinology 148: 774-81.