Supplement: Who Gets Immunotherapy for Cancer?

Managing Patient Expectations Requires Better Biomarkers and Companion Diagnostics

Read the full article at GEN News

Improving Cancer Immunotherapy Success Rates

A successful response to cancer immunotherapy is only partly a matter of immune cell dynamics within a tumor. If a tumor is to be reduced and cleared, cancer immunotherapy must also engage systemic immunity.

For example, successful cancer immunotherapy can activate a population of peripheral memory immune cells. Cancer immunotherapy can also incorporate responses at the tumor site influenced by interactions between the gut microbiome and the immune system.

Read More

Effects of Canagliflozin Versus Glimepiride on Adipokines and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Type 2 Diabetes

Timothy Garvey, Luc Van Gaal, Lawrence A. Leiter, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, James List, Robert Cuddihy, Jimmy Ren, Michael J. Davies

Metabolism. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2018.02.002

Type 2 diabetic patients with increased visceral fat mass and insulin resistance are at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease and premature death. The increased visceral fat impairs adipose tissue function and is the result of combinatorial processes, including increased macrophage recruitment (MCP-1 production), increased inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-a secretion), and reduced anti-inflammatory factors (adipokine and adiponectin).

Read More

TruCulture System Proves Superior Reproducibility Over PBMCs

Standardized whole blood stimulation system proves superior reproducibility over PBMCs

A new paper on improved methods for monitoring differential immune response activation was published in Volume 183 of the journal Clinical Immunology. Researchers report on a multi-center study in seven FOCIS Centers of Excellence to directly compare whole blood syringe-based system, TruCulture, to the current method of isolation of PBMCs for immunomonitoring.

To compare intra and inter-center variability between PBMC and TruCulture stimulation, the blood of 152 healthy donors was both stimulated in whole blood assay and after isolation of PBMC, across multiple centers. Following exposure to LPS, anti-CD3/anti-CD28, or media alone, samples were analyzed using multi-analyte profiling (MAP) for 55 proteins at Myriad RBM’s CLIA-certified laboratory. Focusing on analytes that were induced in both TruCulture and PMBC stimulation, further analysis was based on the 35 commonly induced proteins.

Read More

Blood Based Biomarker Test to Predict Major Cardiac Events

Cardiovascular BiomarkersPrevencio, Inc. has announced data published in The American Journal of Cardiology, on a new proteomic blood test that determines whether a person will have a heart attack, stroke, or other major adverse cardiac event (MACE) more accurately than the currently used clinical risk factors.  A total of 927 patient samples were analyzed from the Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Diseases (CASABLANCA) Study undergoing coronary angiography.

Read More

Inflammatory Cytokines as Potential Biomarker for Pain Intensity

Biomarkers for pain assessment are needed for more accurate pain therapy treatment in patients unable to reliably self-report their circumstances such as patients with dementia, intubated patients, and infants. The authors of a study recently published in Biomarkers in Medicine, Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1: a potential biomarker for pain intensity in chronic pain patients, hypothesized that pain intensity might be assessable using inflammatory molecules measurable in serum.

Read More

Human Cytokine Testing on Cell Culture Supernatant for SPHEROIDS project

3D Growth of Endothelial Cells During ISS Space Mission – The SPHEROIDS Project

The April 2017 issue of Biomaterials reports on an automated cell culture unit that was developed for the SpaceX CRS-ISS space mission that resulted in three dimensional growth of human endothelial cells in microgravity.

A spaceflight to the International Space Station, carried out in April – May 2016, included a study to examine endothelial cell (EC) behavior in respect to cellular proliferation and apoptosis under spaceflight conditions to examine the gravity dependency of EC tube formation.

Read More
1 2 3 18